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The People's Rights Vs. The Governments Responsibility: A Look At China's One Child Policy

1753 words - 8 pages

I Introduction
China has about 1.3 billion people — 20 percent of the world’s population. Young Chinese people today -members of the “Baby-Boom/Only-Child Generation” -face a host of unique challenges, including heavy pressure from their families to succeed and more opportunities than ever before to go to school, travel, and obtain fulfilling employment. But family life is an important issue, especially where the One-Child Policy is concerned. The policy has affected millions of people's lives, and will continue to change people over the course of years. China's One-Child Policy impacted China heavily in the many years afterward, changing the way people lived their life, to what their rights and responsibilities were.
II Explanation Of The Policy
What Led Up Plus Population Control Under Mao
The origin of the policy can date back to the 1950s, a year after Mao Zedong (1893-1976) became chairmen of the new "People's Republic of China.". In general, people could say it was Mao's actions and thoughts that persecuted the growing population. Furthermore, seeing they were a country in need of growth, Mao believed birth control was a capitalist plot to weaken the country and make it vulnerable to attack. He thought "every mouth comes with two hands attached," and "An army of the people is invincible." He condemned birth control and banned the import of contraceptives. Over time the liabilities of a large, rapidly growing population soon became apparent. While at the same time, Mao was busy trying to boost the economy of china, though some experiments worked, others didn't, which in turn slowed down the population for a while. By the early 1970s, the nation was again in a position to promote fertility reduction. Birth control measures were promoted and these succeeded in bringing down the birth rate from 33.43 in 1970 to 18.21 by 1980.
Chinese leaders again saw rapid population growth as an obstacle to development, and their interest in birth control revived. In the 1970's, Mao began to come around to the threats posed by too many people. He began encouraged a policy of marry late, wait long to have children and have few and coined the slogan:'Late, long, and few' and 'One is good, two is OK, three is too many', with the number of children allowed. This was put into effect around the same time Mao passed away. Three years after his death, the One-child Policy was put into effect, and has been ever since. The one child family policy was developed and implemented in response to concerns about the social and economic consequences of continued rapid population growth. The lives of everyday people were changed drastically from this point forward.
How the Policy Adapts to Life
Under the one-child program, as it was most commonly enforced, a couple was allowed to have one child. If that child turned out be a girl, they were allowed to have a second child. After the second child, they were not allowed to have any more children. In some places though,...

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