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The Pequot War Essay

1832 words - 8 pages

The Pequot War is a war that should be hard to forget. It completely wiped out an entire Native American tribe. In reality that is not the case. It is in fact, “the complexity of the Pequot War of 1636–37 is rarely appreciated.” According to Matthew S Muehlbauer, the only thing lots of historian and researchers in general tend to just focus on the massacre that occurred near the Mystic River in May of 1937. This was in fact a tragic and fatal event for the Pequot tribe, but the struggles did not end there. It goes on beyond what happened at the river. The Pequot war lead to some changes in history and it is only right to go back and look at the after affects of the war. Those affects that not only impacted the Pequot tribe but the years after the war had ended. It is with the help of two secondary sources by Matthew S Muehlbauer, Austin Peay State University, Tennessee, and Katherine A. Grandjean, Wellesley College, that it is possible to look past the actual war itself and focus on the aftermath of it.
It is important to talk about the actual war because there can be no after war results without having a war to begin with. “By the mid-1630s, the two largest and most influential indigenous groups in New England were the Narragansetts and Pequots. Unlike most others, these peoples had weathered well an epidemic during 1616–19.” (Muehlbauer). That epidemic was smallpox that was brought by unintentionally by the Englishmen. The Indians were not immune to it and it took away a lot of their people in general.
Unfortunately for the Pequot tribe they were going through some things not only with other groups but internally as well. There was tension between both the Narragansetts and Pequots. The internal tension was caused because of Uncas, “Formerly a minor Pequot sachem, he had abandoned that nation to lead his own band of Mohegans independently — a band that resided very close to the first English settlements on the upper Connecticut River, established in 1635. When Pequot’s raided Wethersfield, in April 1637 — thereby drawing the Connecticut English into the war for the first time ” (Muehlbauer). The Pequot War began after the murder of an English man. It is said that it was not even the Pequot tribe that committed the murder but were blamed for it. Very soon after the English soldiers along with other Native American tribes went to war with the Pequot tribe. It was not a long war, it took place from 1636 until 1638. During the war there was a lot of little battles but the main one that won the war for the English was the battle at the Mystic River. Uncas and his men played a large role in the battle at the Mystic River. “As a result of this and other assistance rendered during the war, the Mohegans developed a close relationship with Connecticut colony, one that enabled them to acquire great influence and status amongst native groups in the region after the war.” (Muehlbauer). The English burned down the Pequot‘s village in...

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