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The Pequot War Essay

1041 words - 5 pages

In 1632, Dutch established land claims and trading posts in the Connecticut region (McBride). “Other than the hardship of the journey and the difficulty of building homes in what the Puritans consider a wilderness, only one major obstacle threatened the security of the expanding settlements: the Pequots” (Gorin). Before the war, the Pequot tribe owned an abundance of land; “approximately 250 square miles in Southern Connecticut” (McBride). Not only does the native tribe own acres of land, but both the Pequots and the Dutch controlled all of the trade in the region, which had an outcome of a short-term stable; it was potentially a volatile situation, as many Native tribes were resentful of ...view middle of the document...

Tension had built up between the English settlers and the Pequots, and the English wanted to control their “God given gift” (Bitting). “The English efforts to break the Dutch-Pequot control of the fur and wampum trade, while the Pequot attempted to maintain their political and economic dominance in the region” (McBride). Another cause of the war was said to be because of the murders of English traders. “Trader John Stone and his crew in the Connecticut River were murdered by the Pequot in the summer of 1634” (McBride). The Pequot gave explanations to why Stone died, and viewed their actions as justified. “Unfortunately, the English felt they could not afford to let any English deaths at the hands of Natives go unpunished” (McBride). “As tensions grew, the murder of trader John Oldham by the Manisses Indians of Block Island in July, 1636 resulted in a military response by the English of Massachusetts Bay that led directly to the Pequot War, the first battlefield site defined as Battlefields of the Pequot War.” (Bitting) These were the main reasons why the war started.
There were a numerous amount of events throughout the years 1632 to 1638 that was relevant to the war. In 1632, the Dutch made land claims and trading posts in the Connecticut region. (McBride). This made the Dutch go to Connecticut, where they meet the Pequot tribe. In 1633, the English arrive at the Connecticut River Valley and established settlements at Windsor (McBride) where they also encountered the Pequot tribe. After about a year, murder had been committed. Privateer Captain John Stone had been killed by a Pequot Indian (McBride). Payment by the Pequots were sent to Boston as retribution (Bitting). That same year, English settlers spread and settle at Wethersfield. In 1636, English Captain John Oldham died at the hands of an Indian (Bitting). “Massachusetts Bay retribution for deaths of Stone and Oldham” (McBride). That same year, Captain John Endicott led an expedition to Block Island and Pequot River, burning Manisses and Pequot Villages (Bitting). An abundance of events happened throughout 1637. In the beginning of the year, the Pequot...

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