The Social Bond Theory Essay

928 words - 4 pages

In 1969, Travis Hirschi developed what is known as Social Bond Theory. Hirschi built on the work of other social control theorists and was able to provide a better picture of what social bond is. In Social Bond Theory there are four basic elements that make up social bonds. They are attachment, involvement, commitment, and belief. It is these four bonds that all humans hold and ultimately determine conformity or deviant behavior(Agnew, 1985).
The four bonds are imperative in determining a person’s conformity or deviance to society. When bonds are weak, Hirschi saw that a person becomes “free” to engage in delinquency (Williams & McShane, 2010). The first bond, which is attachment, deals with the relationship one has with parents, friends or school and clubs. Attachment is the most important bond because a strong tie to parents or institutions will help prevent deviance. Attachment is also important because the other bonds are thought to build on attachment.
The second bond, which is involvement, deals with one’s time spent during extra-curricular activities (Williams & McShane, 2010). These activities include such things as work, hobbies, school, and talking with friends. It is believed that the more time spent by an individual on these activities, the less time the individual will have for deviant behavior. Taking part in sports, clubs and other activities will increase conformity to society.
Commitment, which is the third bond, focuses on an individual’s time invested on a career, education, or one’s own reputation (Williams & McShane, 2010). It is believed that if an individual has spent much time and put in a great amount of effort in something, such as an education, then the risk of committing deviant behavior is too great. Speaking from personal experience, as a college student I would not want to risk all of the effort I have put into getting good grades by taking part in a deviant act. A strong tie to these investments is what will deter an individual from deviance and will lead them to conformity.
The last bond, belief, deals with one’s own idea of a common value system used in society (Williams & McShane, 2010). In essence, belief deals with and individual’s conception of right and wrong and the belief that society is generally fair in the rules it holds. Obeying the law and its authorities is a big part of belief. The more an individual obeys and conforms to these laws and rules, the less likely they will engage in deviant behavior. The weaker the belief system of and individual is, the more likely deviance will occur. When looking at belief one can see that an individual has a common set of values held by society. This would make it a...

Find Another Essay On The Social Bond Theory

The Social Exchange Theory in Interpersonal Relationships

1575 words - 6 pages Interpersonal communication is a form of communication that takes place between two people who have an established relationship. There are many different levels of interpersonal communication and theories of interpersonal communication. One of the theories that is used to explain changes in social behavior is the social exchange theory. The social exchange theory proposes that social behavior is the result of an exchange process between two

The Social Comparison Theory: Being a Zero

850 words - 4 pages The Social Comparison Theory: Being a Zero Just a few years ago, being referred to as a “zero” was something that everyone wanted to avoid. Someone that was a “zero” was laughed at and ridiculed for being worthless and unpopular. It has not been until recently that being a “zero” could be a good thing. In today’s advertising and entertainment world, not only are women superior if they are a size zero, but size zero and size two body frames

Social Responsibility Theory (SRT) of the Press

628 words - 3 pages .- Social Responsibility Theory represents a compromise between favoring government control of the media vs. favoring total press freedom. Social Responsibility Theory has broad appeal.- The Hutchins Commission on the Freedom of Press comprising academics, politicians and head of social groups were divided between those who favored a totally fee press and those who favored media control.- At this time, the Chicago School opposed the marketplace of

The Social Action Theory and Symbolic Interactionism

1302 words - 5 pages The Social Action Theory and Symbolic Interactionism Max Weber believed that individuals were the key to society. He developed social action theory, the purpose of which was to find out why individuals function in certain ways. He thought that every social action performed by an individual had a meaning attached to it. Social actions are the result of conscious thought processes that take into consideration the

Bullying affects the Social Learning Theory

905 words - 4 pages school.”( http://www.cnn.com/2014/04/09/justice/alex-hribal-profile/index.html” Students at Franklin Regional Senior High school thought Alex was a loner, and this current event connects to the social learning theory because of Alex’s behavior. The Social Learning theory is by observing others and then to imitating them by learning through social behavior. People will asks their peers if being aggress is okay, and if the social norm accepts

Conflict Theory within the social classes

1084 words - 5 pages The conflict theory is defined as the social collision between two different groups who are trying to accomplish the same task but have some sort of inequality within them. Examples of the conflict theory are demonstrated in popular television shows and movies and incorporated in the lifestyles of everyday people. The three examples that are going to be used are the children’s show “The Suite Life of Zack and Cody”, the common television series

An explination of the Social Penetration Theory

833 words - 4 pages The first key (yet equal) element in SPT is breath of penetration. As stated in the text, A First Look at Communication Theory, the author, Em Griffin, gives us a definition as such; “The range of areas in an individual’s life over which disclosure takes place.” (2011). The beginnings of self-disclosure include breath such as facts pertaining to biographical or demographical data. The use of identity management limits this range at first and

Applying the Social Learning Theory Developed by Alex Bandura

2142 words - 9 pages The social learning theory focuses on how people observe and how people mode behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Criminals and crimes are often analyzed by the different theories and theorists. A social learning theorist would look at the criminal’s interactions with their peers, who influences them, and will study their past. The social learning theory is defined as “the view that people learn to be aggressive by observing

The Significance of Albert Bandura's Social Behavior Theory

1547 words - 6 pages Behavioral theories are very significant, but the social learning theory by Albert Bandura is one of the most valuable and influential theory out of them all. The social learning theory analyzes how humans learn through observing other people’s attitudes and behaviors. Adolf Hitler was the dictator of Germany and he was the founder and conductor of the Nazi Party. Accordingly, Adolf Hitler is related to the social learning theory because his

Comparison of the Social Exchange Theory and the Symbolic Interaction Theory

2133 words - 9 pages The theory I originally chose to critique was the Social Exchange and Rational Choice framework from our class book. I chose this theory because when we talked about it in class it made a lot of sense to me. Its propositions and foundations are very applicable to many situations, and I felt like I had a good grasp of its concepts and structure. However, in doing research for this paper, I discovered that contrary to what our book led me to

The Root Causes of Sexual Offending: Social Learning Theory

1486 words - 6 pages Many etiological theories exist attempting to explain the root causes of sexual offending. Although few provide substantial evidence and no definitive conclusions have been made, the social learning theory has been proposed to account for sex offending behaviors. Specifically, the social learning theory, or victim-to-victimizer theory, suggests sexually abused children learn these behaviors and are much more likely to perpetrate abuse when

Similar Essays

Social Bond Theory Essay

1472 words - 6 pages There are many theories that try to explain why crime is committed. There's the strain theory, the Social disorganization theory, the Different association theory and many others. But the one that I think best explains why crime is committed is the social bond theory. It is very straightforward and it explains what leads to a crime. The social bond theory states that a person's view toward a society determines if a person will be a criminal or

The Kemper Case And Travis Hirschi’s Social Bond Theory

3076 words - 13 pages his mother. He was rejected by his father and the boys his own age. Kemper formed no close personally bonds to anyone during his childhood or later on in life (Sears 81). Due to these facts, the first theory applied to the Kemper case will be a social control theory, Travis Hirschi’s Social Bond Theory. The Social Bond Theory is concerned with the functions that social relationships play in people’s lives and the bonds they develop with others

Crime Theories: Strain Theory, Social Bond Theory, And Differential Association Theory

1124 words - 4 pages to create social policy and attempt to limit crime. Three popular theories in criminology are strain theory, social bond theory and differential-association theory. The idea of a cultural goal is behind the strain theory. Our societies’ cultural goal is to amass wealth and gain success. We are led to believe that this goal is achievable by all individuals, but not all individuals are given the same opportunities and tools to reach the

The Social Control Theory Essay

1199 words - 5 pages Social Control Theory suggests that people who do not commit crime are more likely to be influenced by external factors such as relationships, commitments, beliefs and values. This theory shows that the core idea of free will gave offenders the ability to choose how to be responsible for their behaviour. It also gives an explanation as to why offenders commit crimes and that by placing constrictions on the offenders can help reduce deviant