The Social Impact of the Atomic Bomb
One of the largest social impacts of the atomic bomb is that the atomic bomb instills fear into people for nuclear explosion and war. Before the first atomic bomb was dropped, a typical war meant that the people feared for casualty, physical pain and loss of love ones. With the new age of the atomic bomb, every coming war has a potential to become a nuclear war, and a nuclear war brings a new type of fear. This new fear is the fear of the end of the world and humankind.
When there is a weapon that can level an entire city and killing 66,000 people while injuring 69,000 people (atomicarhive.com) with long term health effects, people will obviously be scared. People fear that there won’t be a future for humankind. If a nuclear war were to happen, half a country to an entire country can easily be destroyed to the point where it becomes inhabitable due to radiation. Through a Stanford University psychological study of young survivors of World War II, it has been found that almost half the subjects surveyed believe that a nuclear war will result in the complete annihilation of humankind (Koschin and Kabachenko 4). The study also found that “95 percent [of the subjects] expressed a serious concern about the danger of war and 44 percent lived in fear, waiting for war” (Koschin and Kabachenko 2). Generations after the atomic bomb era will continuously fear that every war can become the world-ending nuclear war. The American government also sees the catastrophic potential of nuclear weapons and began to disarm their nuclear weapon stockpile and ban future nuclear test from being performed. Treaties such as the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons were created as steps to slow down the development of new nuclear weapons.
After the atomic bomb was designed and used in World War II, the invention of nuclear power plants and reactors came about. With that, people began to fear for nuclear accidents. A few nuclear accidents have occurred that brought international attention to the safety of using nuclear power plants. The Chernobyl disaster is one of the most commonly known incidents. This disaster caused an evacuation of 143,000 people from areas around the explosion zone, killing 300,000 through radiation sickness, and contaminated an estimated of 17 million people (“Chernobyl Facts & Statistics”). A more recent nuclear accident was caused by an earthquake and tsunami in Japan. This natural disaster had caused the failure and malfunction of the Fukushima’s nuclear reactors. As a result, radioactive materials and 300 tons of contaminated water are leaked into the ocean every day, the contamination of ocean water and material will reach the other side of the globe within years and local sea life in the reactor area has become too dangerous for human consumption (“Fukushima's Radioactive Water Leak”). These nuclear accidents paint a picture to...