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The Social Value Of 19th Amendment

1102 words - 4 pages

The 19th Amendment recognized the right of women to participate in politics equally like men. Well, do you know when it was ratified? It was on August 8th, 1920, which is really recent. After more than seventy years of relentless work, women finally won the struggle. The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prevents the United States federal government and the states from denying the right of citizens to vote on the basis of their sex. In other words, it guarantees the right to vote for all Americans including blacks and women. This amendment resulted in some impacts on American society. It also resulted in a significant change in American politics.
During America's early history, women were denied some of the rights to well-being by men. For example, married women couldn't own property and had no legal claim to any money that they might earn, and women hadn't the right to vote. They were expected to focus on housework and motherhood, and didn't have to join politics. On the contrary, they didn't have to be interested in them. Then, in order to ratify this amendment they were prompted to a long and hard fight; victory took decades of agitation and protest. Beginning in the 19th century, some generations of women's suffrage supporters lobbied to achieve what a lot of Americans needed: a radical change of the Constitution. The movement for women's rights began to organize after 1848 at the national level. In July of that year, reformers Elizabeth Cady Stanton(1815-1902) and Lucretia Mott (1793-1880), along with Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) and other activists organized the first convention for women's rights at Seneca Falls, New York. More than 300 people, mostly women but also some men, attended it. Then, they raised public awareness and suggested that women should be afforded better opportunities for education and employment. Most of the Seneca Falls delegates agreed with that. At the same time, the Civil War had brought sweeping social and political changes to the United States. It proved disappointing in terms of the progress of the women's rights movement. After the Seneca Falls convention, no additional women's rights conventions were held until the end of the war. During the war, women had worked to support the war effort and hoped that they could use this fact to their advantage. In addition, two parties organized to be active in the movement by some women. The American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) pursued state suffrage amendment and smaller scale changes to effect women's rights to vote. The National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) relied on the idea of a constitutional amendment and promoted more confrontational methods of campaigning. The years between the end of the Civil War and 1890, when the NWSA and the AWSA worked for women's suffrage in different ways, saw significant progress. Stanton and Anthony and the NWSA continued to push for a federal amendment for women's suffrage. During these days, they tried to win women's...

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