The Philippine Hukbalahap Rebellion Essay

1039 words - 4 pages

The large variety of insurgent movements around the world has demonstrated that each of them belong its identifiable roots. Furthermore, instead of similar patterns in tactics, techniques and/or procedures used to achieve their ultimate goal, insurgencies are unique depending of their nature. This is the reason why each insurgency presents a dissimilar group of characteristic or principles that identify them. As a matter of fact, those characteristics should be managed with circumspection by any insurgency. The insurgent success or failure may depend of the manner as the organisation manages such important aspects. This work will study the Philippine ‘Hukbalahap Rebellion’ which provides interesting patterns of inadequate development of key characteristics proper of an insurgent movement. Furthermore, the main purpose on this paper is to provide in a critical manner an analysis of three significant characteristics of insurgencies. By analysing firstly the purpose and motivation, secondly the popular support, and finally the leadership and recruitment exercised in this egalitarian insurgency, this work will bring comprehensive arguments to understand the vitality of those characteristics.

The purposes and motivations that characterise an insurgent movement is perhaps the most valuable factor of success or failure. Initiating as a peasant revolution against Japanese intervention, the Huk insurgency had an altruistic and well accepted cause to fight. Indeed, the insurgency demonstrated successful guerrilla warfare against the Japanese forces. This based in the undisputable nationalistic ideology which provide strong feelings and popular acceptance. The purposes and motivations were effective to achieve the prime goal by that then. However, after a positive beginning, the purpose and motivation tended to follow a less effective format. Motivated by a strong popular acceptance, this insurgency lost its nationalistic original cause and turn on a less popular communist proposal. Their purpose became limited into a land reform appeal under the communist seekers for political power. Although the cause was very accepted by peasants and land tenants, the communist revolt did not transcend the local approach to a national level. Nonetheless, this agrarian struggle was merely concentrated in the particular area of Luzon. Consequently, one can argue that their purposes and motivations were no strategic and visionaries. Therefore, this slight approach of the Huk insurgency was significantly favourable for the government and its counterinsurgent strategies. The Philippine government understood this narrow perspective and successfully embrace effective measures to defeat that communist menace. Combating the insurgent purposes and motivations, the Philippine government supported by the North American military

Another significant characteristic to analyse against the Hukbalahap insurgency is without any doubt the popular support. As said Mao...

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