This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Philosophy Of Socrates And The Sophists

600 words - 3 pages

Philosophers take many different approaches to understand whether something is wise or not. The distinction between the Sophists and Socrates are the different approaches to knowledge. The sophists use a persuasive method known as rhetoric, to obtain victory whereas Socrates uses a dialectic form of question and answer to attain at least some degree of truth. They both have common interest is human life, human affairs and intellectual knowledge but in different perspectives and approaches.
The sophists approach to knowledge is the rhetoric method. The rhetoric method is persuasively speaking to form an excellent argument.  They believe that making a “weaker argument into a stronger argument” will allow them to be victorious in any form of position when taking on a claim to an argument. To defend a claim, the rhetoric method will be persuasive and convincing with the use of intellectual words ...view middle of the document...

A simplistic example given in The Great Conversation, is the temperature of the wind. The temperature of the wind might seem cold but to the other person it might seem the opposite. Thus, we cannot conclude a definite temperature to the wind. We are confined to what is exposed and appearances.
Socrates approach to knowledge is a form Plato calls dialectic. A dialectic approach consists of difficult questions and plausible answers. He will examine if whether or not the answers are plausible. Apart from Nature Philosophy, Socrates questions were never answered that fully satisfied him. He doesn’t consider himself a nature philosopher or a sophist. He is not ashamed of considering himself ignorant. Ironically, according to the Orator, he is the wisest man. The reason why Socrates is the wisest man is because knows that he is not knowledgable about the absolute truth. Socrates believes that man can attain absolute truth and reality by using his technique of asking difficult questions and seeking for answers. Difficult questions will test our knowledge of whether we fully understand the subject. Socrates aim is to progress to toward the truth rather than victory.
Despite the distinctions between the Sophists and Socrates, they both have some similarities. They both have a common interest in human life and seeking for some type of answer to become more knowledgeable. Also human affairs are a common interest in giving a convincing and rational approach to knowledge. They also have common interests in acquiring knowledge both persuasively, in the case of the sophists and rationality according to Socrates.
Socrates and the Sophist have intellectual knowledge in two different perspectives. The sophist believe that everything is relative. The only way of being intelligent is through the use of rhetoric and becoming victorious. We don’t have the ability to understand reality and absolute truth. Socrates claims that we do have the ability to reach reality by using a dialect; asking questions, answering, and examining. This will progress towards the truth and if we know that truth, we will have the ability to persuade and also become convincing.

Find Another Essay On The Philosophy of Socrates and the Sophists

Socrates and his Philosophy Essay

1844 words - 7 pages Socrates and his Philosophy Socrates makes a profound impact in our minds through his wisdom, power of critical thinking, moral strength and intelligence. It is Plato who immortalizes Socrates in the popular imagination as a man of profound knowledge. Socrates’ effectiveness as a philosopher depended as much on the strength and interest of his personality as on the power of his mind. Socrates’ philosophy was based on

The Biography of Socrates Essay

1502 words - 6 pages Untitled Stephanie Sherrod Professor McClendon Philosophy Socrates Biography 04/08/10 The Biography of Socrates The most interesting and influential philosopher of all time was Socrates, whose dedication to careful reasoning transformed the entire enterprise. Since he sought genuine knowledge rather than mere victory over an opponent, he familiarized himself with the rhetoric and dialectics of the Sophists, the

The Trial and Death of Socrates

1656 words - 7 pages The portrayal of Socrates, through the book “the trial and death of Socrates” is one that has created a fairly controversial character in Western history. In many ways, Socrates changed the idea of common philosophy in ancient Greece; he transformed their view on philosophy from a study of why the way things are, into a consideration man. Specifically, he analyzed the virtue and health of the human soul. Along side commending Socrates for his

The Trial and Death of Socrates

1017 words - 4 pages Recognized as one of the classical Greek Athenian philosophers who founded Western philosophy, Socrates was a mysterious figure known essentially through the accounts of later classical writers, especially from writings of his students Xenophon and the most popular Plato. Through Plato’s dialogues, Socrates has been portrayed and renowned for his involvement in the field of moral principles, and by this the concepts of Socratic irony and the

The Trial of Socrates

983 words - 4 pages was made up of 501 Athenian citizens of all classes of society. While he fails to convince the Athenian jury of his innocence, he does a wonderful job in this effort. I personally believe that Socrates is innocent, and that the Athenian jury made the wrong decision. Socrates was accused of being a sophist, a professional philosopher. Sophists were seen as corrupters of society and as generally bad men. Socrates says that every one of

The trial and death of Socrates

702 words - 3 pages The Trial and untimely death of Socrates, in my opinion, was a small group of people throwing a fit when it was pointed they weren’t as smart as they thought. The reasoning used by Socrates is the greatest example of the facts, not the manipulation of, proving your innocence. Socrates makes several points as to the trial being a complete waste of time and that even if he was brought to court he would be innocent. I agree death was the wrong

The Apology of Socrates

1093 words - 5 pages Socrates is at the age of seventy and appearing in a law court for the first time. For the people of Socrates time is accusing Socrates, for miss leading the youth corrupting them and boasting about being wise, causing him to become very unpopular. Socrates says to the jury I am going to speak the whole truth, for it is me by myself that I have to defend. He says my accusers are many and I don’t know them, they say, “you should be careful not be

Oppositional World Views: Plato & The Sophists

1782 words - 7 pages argument. Just as the opposite of up is down, the opposite of right is wrong, and the opposite of good is evil, the opposite of the Sophists was Plato. Plato and his philosophies were also rooted in ancient Greece at the same time as the Sophists. Plato studied under Socrates, another famous ancient philosopher, and started the very first center for learning which he called the Academy. Plato was not what you would call a relativist though. He

The Trial of Socrates

1100 words - 4 pages held by the government and political system. The citizens of this democracy had a right to free speech, but yet Socrates was convicted for his. He practiced and used his right, yet he was convicted for this right as well. He spoke freely about his beliefs and ideas and had many listeners and pupils that agreed with his philosophy. He did not make any actions against the democracy that he despised so greatly. Throughout the events of the trial

The Death Of Socrates

515 words - 2 pages The Death of Socrates By viewing the painting The Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David, Socrates? loyalty to the Athenian government was far more important to him than his own death or friendship. He was more interested in teaching his students about his belief in reason and the law of justice before he died. Still, the students and friends were arguing with him and trying to convince him to renounce his teachings. Socrates was strong in

The Death Of Socrates

556 words - 2 pages The Death of Socrates By viewing the painting The Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David, Socrates' loyalty to the Athenian government was far more important to him than his own death or friendship. He was more interested in teaching his students about his belief in reason and the law of justice before he died. Still, the students and friends were arguing with him and trying to convince him to renounce his teachings. Socrates was

Similar Essays

The Sophists Essay

922 words - 4 pages As Athens grew in influence, it attracted more and more people from other city-states and countries. Opportunities for a growing number of Athenians to speak before the Assembly created a demand for specialized education in subjects such as letters, rhetoric, science, statesmanship, and philosophy. Those who considered themselves as original, true Athenians became increasingly ethnocentric. The sophists were the first true professional educators

The Father Of Western Philosophy Socrates

695 words - 3 pages The Father of Western Philosophy: Socrates Since the dawn of man, the invariable love of knowledge has kindled the hearts of humankind. That true passion in the heart for mankind over the flux of time is the study of philosophy. One of the greatest embellishments to philosophy overtime is the lionized Socrates of Athens born in 469B.C. His life exemplifies a true philosopher’s life, and the aspect of wonder that has cloaked mankind since

Socrates: One Of The Most Important Figures In Western Philosophy

1581 words - 6 pages pursuing wisdom. Plato was Socrates’ most famous student because of his devotion that he had with philosophy. “Philosophy, the love of wisdom, was for Socrates itself a sacred path, a holy quest -- not a game to be taken lightly. He believed -- or at least said he did in the dialog Meno -- in the reincarnation of an eternal soul, which contained all knowledge. We unfortunately lose touch with that knowledge at every birth, and so we need to be

The Examined Life Socrates Philosophy Essay

1000 words - 4 pages examinations are not based on your virtue. To find the meaning of a worthy life, you cannot just examine your life, you also have to examine those around you, the people in your society. Without our society, one would not be able to define ourselves in the right way. If you separate yourself from others and you don’t accept advice or suggestions, this will keep you from gaining knowledge that you didn’t know existed. Socrates practiced philosophy by