The Philosophy Of Thomas Hobbes Essay

1199 words - 5 pages

PhilosophyThomas HobbesHobbes' theory has been read by philosophers throughout the years, as has Rousseau's, who is right? Is anyone? Hobbes' beliefs are comparable to Rousseau's, both make valid points but in my mind Hobbes has the stronger argument. Hobbes has a stronger and more accurate view on the state of nature whereas Rousseau's view is very optimistic and unrealistic. Hobbes' view on a state of nature where everyman must fend for himself and his explanation of how society must be set up in order for it all to work outweigh Rousseau's explanation on the state of nature.To understand Hobbes one must understand is theory of the state of nature. In his explanation of the state of nature men are infinitely appetitive, all equal to each other, every man is entitled to their natural rights, there are limited resources and there is no common power able to 'over ewe them all.' Contrasting with Rousseau who believes resources are unlimited, Hobbes argues that resources are limited. I believe this is a much stronger argument than Rousseau because food doesn't last forever, there is never an unlimited number of things, everything can run out eventually. This idea links directly to his belief of man being infinitely appetitive; "if any two men desire the same thing, which nevertheless they cannot both enjoy, they become enemies."(184) All me are equally vulnerable and can all be killed. Thus in the state of nature it is every man for himself. I agree with this view on the state of nature, I see many of the same ideas come to truth in today's society even though it is not a state of nature in Hobbes' or my view. If you were one of two people striving for the very same goal, which is limited to only one of you achieving, what would you do? These two people become enemies doing anything possible to beat out one another. In a way it's like a Machiavellian theory, the ends justify the means. And it happens a lot in our society today. Every man is entitled to his own rights, and is able to do whatever he wants to achieve it.In the state of nature man has the right to do whatever he pleases; the most important of these rights is to kill. There is no penalty and one must do it to remain alive in Hobbes state of nature. It is either kill or be killed, there is no in between. The state of nature is a state of war, "so the nature of war, consisteth not in actual fighting; but in the known disposition thereto, during all the time there is no assurance to the contrary."(186) What Hobbes is saying in that there is nothing else one can do in nature but fight, there is no alternative because if one does not fight one will be killed. This is also true in today's society. If one does not go out in the world and fight for what one wants and needs then one is surely going to be put in the back of the pack, looking for whatever scraps are left, not gaining anything one wants. But to Hobbes there is a way to get out of this violent state of nature, one in which sacrifices...

Find Another Essay On The philosophy of thomas hobbes

the teachings of Thomas Hobbes in his book Leviathan

822 words - 3 pages Thomas Hobbes Paper - What is the difference betweenobligations in foro interno and in foro externo, and when do wehave such obligations?According to Thomas Hobbes, there are certain laws of nature whichexist in the absence of an organized government. These laws are extremelycut throat, and place people in extremely dangerous situations where theirlives are in danger. Government is the answer to this dangerous situation,but it is here that the

Thomas Hobbes' State of Nature in Leviathan

841 words - 3 pages society concerning the natural condition and the appreciation for political authority. Works Cited Warburton, Nigel. Philosophy: the classics. 3rd ed. London: Routledge, 2006. Print. 

Williams, Garrath . "Hobbes, Thomas: Moral and Political Philosophy [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Aug. 2011. .

Thomas Hobbes' State of Nature in Leviathan

1799 words - 7 pages For centuries, political theory was dominated by the idea that people are not equal. This idea that some were good for some things and not for others massively shaped the theories that grew from them. However, in Thomas Hobbes Leviathan we see a departure from this inequality. The argument of people being equal and the state of man that he develops from that belief are central not only to his own theory but to the world of political science

An Analysis of Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan

3135 words - 13 pages In his book The Leviathan Thomas Hobbes begins with bringing to the readers attention that despite the fact that all men may not be deemed equal that they were created equal. He backs up this statement by saying, "For as to the strength of body, the weakest has strength enough to kill the strongest, either by a secret machination, or by confederacy with others, that are in the same danger with himself. In saying this, Hobbes illustrates that

Thomas Hobbes and the Social Contract

1634 words - 7 pages Thomas Hobbes was the first philosopher to connect the philosophical commitments to politics. He offers a distinctive definition to what man needs in life which is a successful means to a conclusion. He eloquently defines the social contract of man after defining the intentions of man. This paper will account for why Hobbes felt that man was inherently empowered to preserve life through all means necessary, and how he creates an

The Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes: The State of Nature as an Exemplum

1648 words - 7 pages In the Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes's theory of the state of nature serves as an exemplum; an account that legitimizes and argues for the authority of the state, by providing the logic behind sovereignty. The theory illustrates the point that without government, man is in hell (an awful and evil state of nature), where peace, order and liberty are impossible. His purpose in writing the Leviathan, and in describing man's state of nature, should be

Thomas Hobbes' Idea of the State and Its Relation with the Citizen

1578 words - 6 pages Hobbes' Idea of the State and Its Relation with the Citizen When looking at Hobbes’ idea of the state and its relation with the citizen, it is strikingly shocking how supportive of the authoritarian and absolutist form of monarchical government he is. His ideas are extreme for today’s democratic world however, he is seen as the founder of great liberal political thoughts such as the natural contract. Furthermore he gives great emphasis to the

Thomas Hobbes' First Three Laws of Nature and the Fool's Objection

1547 words - 6 pages Hobbes' First Three Laws of Nature and the Fool's Objection Thomas Hobbes begins The Leviathan by establishing the idea that all men are created equal, although every man perceives himself as smarter than the next. As Hobbes says: "[men] will hardly believe there are many so wise as themselves; for they see their own wit at hand, and other men's at a distance" (25). He then argues for psychological egoism, describing mankind as driven by

Compare and Contrast the Philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Karl Marx

772 words - 3 pages In the idea of human nature; origin of state, the nature of government, the rights of regulation can be drawn as the reflection of insightful philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes and Karl Marx. By understanding this within the context of human nature, we can see their ideas play to how they perceive a modern philosophy. Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto illustrates the desire to build "a society without economic classes". John Locke's

differences between the social contract theory of john locke and thomas hobbes

2347 words - 9 pages laws that constitute it. Thus, the authority or the government or the sovereign or the state came into being because of the two agreements. Analysis of the theory of Social Contract by Thomas Hobbes  Thomas Hobbes theory of Social Contract appeared for the first time in Leviathan published in the year 1651 during the Civil War in Britain. Thomas Hobbesǯ legal theory is based on DzSocial contractdz. According to him, prior to

Comparison of Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1269 words - 5 pages Human nature and its relevance in determining behaviors, predictions, and conclusions has caused dispute among philosophers throughout the ages. Political philosophy with its emphasis on government legitimacy, justice, laws, and rights guided the works of the 17th and 18th century philosophical writings of Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Through Thomas Hobbes world-renowned publication Leviathan and Rousseau’s discourses on basic

Similar Essays

An Examination Of Thomas Hobbes' Moral Philosophy With An Emphasis On The Escape From The State Of Nature.

996 words - 4 pages The word "leviathan" has come to mean the largest or most massive thing of its kind. Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan fits that description perfectly, as the audacious scope of his 1651 treatise on philosophy, politics and religion has few equals. It was at once the birth of political science, an indictment of the prevailing scholastic tradition, and a groundbreaking piece of moral thinking. Despite the grand scale of the work, Hobbes maintains a

Life Of Thomas Hobbes Essay

1720 words - 7 pages 1"Life of Thomas Hobbes"Joe RovelliPolitical SociologyProfessor AbramsFall "06"1Thomas Hobbes was born in London in 1588. He received his college education at Oxford University in England, where he studied classics. The contributions he has made to philosophy is remarkable to say the least. Hobbes became interested and spent a great deal of his life trying to figure out why people allowed themselves to be ruled and what would be the best form of

Thomas Hobbes' Laws Of Nature Essay

807 words - 3 pages Thomas Hobbes: What Is The Difference Between Obligations In foro interno and In foro externo, and When Do We Have Such Obligations? According to Thomas Hobbes, there are certain laws of nature which exist in the absence of an organized government. These laws are extremely cut throat, and place people in extremely dangerous situations where their lives are in danger. Government is the answer to this dangerous situation, but it is here that

Thomas Hobbes And Rene Descartes: The Science Of Man

1390 words - 6 pages In this paper I intend to examine the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes, in particular their ideas relating to the science of man, and attempt to explain why their ideas prove that it is not possible to construct a science of man. I will also briefly mention the philosophy of Donald Davidson in regards to a science of man. The theories of Hobbes and the contemporary socio- biologists attempt to