The Philosophy Of Vedas Essay

1438 words - 6 pages

Philosophy is the science of sciences. Its subject matter is the complete range of scientific phenomenon. Its aim is to connect all these into a consistently complete, to dive far into the truths underlying them and to set upon the first principles which shape the basis of scientific certainty. Hence philosophy is certainly drawn into the difficulty of ultimate realities like nature, mutual relation and origin. The word Vedanta is a combination of ‘Veda’ and ‘anta’ which means ‘Veda-end’. And also the appendix to the Vedic hymns. Vedanta can also be secondhand as a noun to explain one who has learned all four of the earliest Vedas. Four Vedas are Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda. In the former writings Sanskrit Vedanta clearly mentioned to the Upanishads which is the most theoretical and philosophical of the Vedic texts. Still in the medieval age of Hindusim the word Vedanta came to close to the school of philosophy that explained the Upanishads. As the section of Vedas, Vedanta is a scripture and therefore it is identical with the Upanishads. Nevertheless the word anta in Vedanta meaning end came evenly to mean conclusion or purport. The end of all Vedic, were they thought joining with Brahman who is the absolute being. In the latter sense accordingly in the sense of purport of the Vedas it was the Upanishads another time which were called Vedanta’s. Although the word came increasingly to mean something actually different from closely connected to the Upanishads.
All the six orthodox schools of Indian philosophy admit in thinking of the soul as not only immortal but also as endless. The reasoning of the materialists like Charvakas amount to this that, however consciousness is unseen in external objects, it develops into manifest in these objects when they form an organism creature. It is just as the intoxicating power latent in certain objects is manifested when they are made towards wine. Therefore there is no soul separate from the body, which is able to perform either going to heaven or achieve liberation. The equities of an object are those that live while it lives and ease to live in its absence. Now the functions like memory, sensibility etc which are accepted to be the properties of soul are found in the body and not found without the body. As a result, they are not the properties of an extra natural object but the surely properties of the body.
The doctrine of karma is the other mark on which the Vedantic doctrine of immortality turns. According to this every process must be followed by its proper result. It lays down that when it is stated in its vast form, that every moral activity must have a moral effect. In its well known form it prescribes happiness as the outcome of every ethical act and suffering of every wrong act. In fourteenth chapter of the Bhagavdgita, ‘the lord creates neither people’s action nor their agency nor the fruits of their actions; in this matter nature takes its course’. However, the impersonality of...

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