The Physics of Bowling
The definition of physics by some may be the science that deals with matter, energy, motion, and force. Therefore everything in the world uses physics in some way or another. One of the numerous things that deal with physics is bowling. Some of the major parts of physics bowling has is the motions, the ways that Newton’s laws apply, the different momentums, and the energy. Other physics topics include torque, pendulum theory and collisions.
In the motion of bowling many things are going on that apply to bowling. There is displacement, velocity, gravity, and acceleration. There is also an opposition to motion, which is friction. The displacement would be the bowling ball going from the position of leaving the hand to where it rests at the back by the pin collector. The velocity of the ball would include the speed and direction of the ball. The equation to find the velocity of the ball would be the displacement divided by the time taken to reach the destination. Gravity affects everything on this planet. Bowling is no exception. If the bowling ball were thrown up out of the hand of a bowler, gravity would bring it down to the floor. If the pin and bowling ball fell at the same time from the same height they would hit the ground at the exact same time. This is one main reason everything deals with physics. The acceleration would be in a slowing down state or deceleration. It would decelerate because of the small friction from the ball to the floor. The opposition to the motion, called friction is the ball touching the floor. In bowling this is a great factor because it is used to spin into the pins in an exact location. As soon as the ball makes contact with the lane's surface, friction comes into play. This particular friction force is what enables the rotational action of the bowling ball to have control on the path the ball takes down the lane. Since the direction of the rotation is to the left, the ball will begin turning in that direction. Friction also causes the ball to slow down if thrown straight down the middle. The bowling players also use friction to stop themselves before the penalty line. If there were no friction present the player would slide at a speed until something stops him or her. In inertia there are many variables on the bowling lanes. This Internet source talks about them. ““Friction is assumed to be zero, which is practical since most alleys are lubricated to reduce friction. Inertia will differ for all depending on the mass of the ball, the velocity at which it is thrown, and the height from which the ball is released.1”” The inertia of the pins is smaller because of the smaller mass with no velocity and the center of mass. So once the ball hits the pins will move more than the bowling ball because they have less inertia than the ball does.
Just like motions of bowling Newton’s three laws also apply to bowling. In the physics book, A World View, it explains his three laws. ““Newton’s...