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The Ping Pong Diplomacy Essay

1627 words - 7 pages

Before the Ping Pong Diplomacy the United Sates and China never had a good relationship. In 1971 The American Ping-Pong and Chinese team were at 31st World Table Tennis (ping-pong) Championships which was held in Nagoya, Japan from March 28 through April 7, 1971. During the Championships the two teams had meet, because Glenn Cowan, a member of the U.S. national ping pong team, happened to get on the Chinese team bus at the Ping-pong competition. None of the Chinese players on the bus said anything, as the baffled Cowan wondered what to do. On the bus there was a player named Zhuang Zedong a three-time world men's champion, who felt sorry for Cowan and started to talk to him, on the way to talk to him Zedong's teammate were telling him not to do it because the team leader said the no one should communicate with Americans, But Zhuang remember what chairman Mao said, that is was time to start to improve relations with The United States. Zhuang gave Cowan a silk-screen portrait for a gift. Later during the competition Cowan gave Zedong a t-shirt featuring a peace sign. These small gestures lead to a formal invitation to the American team to visit China, a visit that signaled the arrival of a new era in U.S.-China relations (Huang, 2008).Before the Ping Pong Diplomacy, in 1949 the United States of America had a policy to blockade the People's Republic of China, but this did not mean they were enemies. During the late 60's the Soviet Union a great enemy of the United State had an increasing number of troops on the northern border of the People's Republic of China. So the Nixon administration decided to change its foreign tactic by improving The United Sates relationship with China or as others calls it Sino-US relations (Ping, 2004).In October 1967 Nixon wrote in Foreign Affairs, "Taking the long view we simply cannot afford to leave China forever outside the family of nations." Immediately after his nomination for President, he said again in an interview to Time magazine that "We must not forget China. We must always seek opportunities to talk with her." "If there is anything I want to do before I die, it is to go to China" (Ping, 2004).Even before Nixon nomination to the presidency Premier Zhou Enlai had declared at the Bandung Conference, "The Chinese people are friendly towards the American people. The Chinese people want no war with the United States. The Chinese government is willing to sit down for talks on problems concerning the relaxation of tensions in the Far East, particularly in the Taiwan area (Ping, 2004).At the end of 1969, there were talks in Warsaw between China and the United States which had gone on for 14 years without achieving any result (Ping, 2004).On October 25, 1970 President Richard Nixon asked the President of Pakistan Yahya Khan to send a verbal message to the Chinese leaders, about renewing relations with them. Nixon would dispatch a high-ranking official on a secret trip to China. In November, Yahya Khan forwarded...

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