This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Platonic And Aristotelian Views On The Role And Status Of Women In Society

3397 words - 14 pages

Women’s rights and societal roles have varied throughout history. Yet, a common theme that is notable across many times and cultures is the notion that women are inferior to men. In ancient Greece, the opinion toward women followed this trend, and women were often overlooked in how they could contribute to society. It was rarely considered that the traits women share could be of use beyond their household duties. In this essay I will analyze the Platonic and Aristotelian views on the role and status of women. Although Plato and Aristotle had distinct beliefs on what women could contribute to the collective well being of society, they shared similar opinions about the genuine status that women had in comparison to men. The Platonic view advanced the idea that secluding women to the home was counter-productive to the community as a whole. As such, women should be afforded roles that stretched beyond the boundaries of the home for the benefit of the community. The Aristotelian view, contrastingly, believed that the natural characteristics of women, which deemed them physically and intellectually inferior to men, made the home their proper place within society. In this essay I will advance the view that through the logic constructed by both Plato and Aristotle it follows deductively that women not only have a place outside of the home but their distinctive nature can add something of value to many areas of society.

A Platonic View Toward Women: A Community of Women and Children
It is sometimes contended that Plato was a feminist, but his concern for women did not stem from an interest in women’s rights, but rather the usefulness women could contribute to the benefit of the community. Meaning, society would receive its optimal benefit if women were used to their full potential, and Plato’s believed this extended beyond their role in the home. In the Republic of Plato, Plato’s views are described through his teacher Socrates, and it is in Book V of the Republic that Plato’s view on the role of women is illuminated. The discussion until this point in the Republic had concerned the search for justice within the city and within the soul. At the end of Book IV, justice in the city was found within the principle of specialization, that each should adhere to the work they are best suited for. Likewise, justice within the individual was discovered within the tripartite structure of the soul, and resonated when the rational part of the soul ruled over the spirited and appetitive sections (Republic 440c-445e). Although the search for justice at the city-level and within the individual had been found the question of justice led into the further discussions of equally fundamental questions.

In Book V the discussion delved into the idea of a community of women and children. This proposal had arisen from Socrates’ discussion of the lifestyle of the guardian class. The societal structure that Plato offered contained three main classes: The...

Find Another Essay On The Platonic and Aristotelian Views on the Role and Status of Women in Society

Comparing the Marxist and Functionalist Views on the Role of Education in Industrial Society

1928 words - 8 pages Comparing the Marxist and Functionalist Views on the Role of Education in Industrial Society The functionalists and the Marxists both believe that the education system benefits everyone, but both have different views on society. The Marxist views of the education system are that there are conflicts because there is an inequality between the working class and the higher classes. They believe that there are two different

The Role and Status of Women in the 1940s and 1950s

1451 words - 6 pages even think about women being equal to men. When female school teachers asked for equal pay with men, Churchill dismissed their demand with one word 'impertinence'. Even though now he was falling out of favour with the people and was soon to lose the general election, it showed that some men and in incredibly important positions within society, had no respect still for women's role in society. This meant that their status

Pre-teen Fashion And The Role Of Women In Society

577 words - 2 pages . The fashion industry is exploiting the image of women by introducing them to a superficial world that values external appearance more than inner worth and beauty.Young teenage girls are being sexualized and their innocence is shattered by the so called younger styles that are appropriate for women in their twenties. The shows on television influence these young girls into wearing short skirts and see through tops. Society is making it normal for

Outline and explain two views of the role of social policy in society - Sociology - Essay

369 words - 2 pages model their values around is the nuclear heterosexual family. At the root of feminist belief is that the patriarchy is the cause for women’s oppression and inequality in society, radical feminists especially believing that complete segregation of men and women is the only way to overcome it. However, by default this means cohabiting couples would not receive the same benefits as straight couples. This ultimately runs the risk of producing a self

The Inferior Status of Women In India's Society

838 words - 3 pages concerns regarding gender is that, as a whole, India seems to devalue the worth of women, and ingrain a sense of worthlessness and burdening onto the image of being a woman. Legislation curbing sex-selective abortions and measures addressing societal female devaluation have exerted little to no force on changing the views of society (Sudha & Rajan, 1999). The lack of effort in making a change toward promoting the worth and status of women in society

"What effect did the 1914-18 War have upon the role and status of women?"

4594 words - 18 pages the meatfrom Australia but they succeeded.This immense change in the role of women had a dramatic affect on theattitude towards women. In the war work the WAAC suffered the samehardships a s the men. But not in all cases, they suffered them in thecushy jobs, such as, the nurses and cooks but nowhere near as much asthe men at the front line did. In 1917 the army were getting desperatewith 12,000 trained men behind the lines they needed to release

The Role and Status of the Actor from Classical Greek to Medieval European Society

1487 words - 6 pages The Role and Status of the Actor from Classical Greek to Medieval European SocietyBy Alexander GriffinActors throughout the ages have had a raw deal, sometimes held in high esteem at other times driven underground by their native states who wish to silence them. However in ancient Greece actors were often looked upon as the most fundamental part of society and often formed their own guilds. They were tools of the state, Used to inform the

The Role of Roman Women in Society

1111 words - 5 pages theses affairs were for their own good and to put them in their place. Few agreed with this commentary but most argued that times had changed and the circumstances led to the change. Roman women were essential supporters of the military.The expansion of rome put great demands on women's role in society by supporting the Senate and the people of with their patriotism and wealth. Also by giving up their sons and husbands for a period of war in the

The Role of Women in Society and Rise in the Labor Market

2183 words - 9 pages Society changes with time and the role of each integrant also changes. The role of women, for instance, has changed a lot over the years, from pre-history to the present day function of the female figure is changing more and more. Previously, the division of labor began to distinguish the role of men and women in society, mainly because of agricultural activity. In pre-capitalist stage the world of work and domestic world were similar and the

The Role of Women in the Society Depicted by Jane Austen in Pride and Prejudice

2867 words - 11 pages marriage in her opinion is her best option when compared to becoming a burden on her family. ?Pride and Prejudice? is a book that tells us a vast amount about the role of women in society at this time and shows us how hard it was for women to not only find a husband but also to be happy within marriage. At this time it seems that marriage was not something concerning love, but was more a matter of finance. To be able to be financially stable

Women´s Role in Society in Antigone, Aeneid, and The Art of Courtly Love

1272 words - 5 pages hide it just because you are a woman. Women also have rights and are allowed a place in society. Antigone was the exact opposite of her sister, Ismene. Independence versus obedience was the difference between Antigone and Ismens’s respective views on a woman’s role in society. Antigone believed in family ties, Theban traditions and the gods while Ismene obeyed all the rules of the King and knew her place in society. She was confident that men were

Similar Essays

The Past And Present Views On The Status Of Women In Indian Society

620 words - 2 pages Introduction In India, past and present, the status and freedom that are held by women has and is in a constant decline due to both external and cultural factors that not only causes large panic, but defensive reactions that negatively affect and hinder the women in their culture. Many studies conducted, have shown that the influence of other cultures and religions have made an impression on the ideas of Indian men that have resulted in

The Role And Status Of Women In Buddhism And Confucianism

1292 words - 5 pages their parents, husbands and in-laws making them vulnerable, and to be treated unfairly. There is little evidence as to the status of women in Japanese history. According to Chinese descriptions of the Japanese during the Common Era, men and women were equal in society. Although, as the history progressed, the status of women declined. The influence of Confucianism had a major effect on women because the influence of

The Changing Role And Status Of Women In Britain

2466 words - 10 pages The Changing Role and Status of Women in Britain 1. Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914. In the twentieth century women’s role in society was hugely different to what it is today. Women were regarded as being inferior to men and were treated as such. Although girls were given a compulsory state education 1870, few went to university and those who did were not awarded a

The Role And Status Of Women In Viking Age

1839 words - 7 pages Scandinavian R5BThe role and status of women in Viking AgeWith the general growth of feminist work in many academic fields, it is hardly surprising that the research on the role and status of women in Viking age has attracted considerable attention in recent years. There is a substantial amount of research on this and the expanding corpus of research addresses itself to all of the major dimensions of Viking women's lives. While some research has