The Policies Of George W. Bush

4284 words - 17 pages

The coup d'état document was carried out with the help of Major-General John Lambert (1619-1684), the second, after Cromwell's face in the army. That Lambert and his aides have made a new constitution of the English State (adopted December 16, 1653). The generated document officers, known as " The Instrument of Government." proposed that the executive power is held by one person and it led to a monarchic beginning in England of XVII century. On December 16, 1653, Cromwell was proclaimed as a Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland and it was a beginnging of restoration with transformation the country to absolute monarchy rule. reflects the interests of bourgeoisie and the new nobility, who were highly interested in prevention of restoration of the monarchy. The idea of a written constitution was new to England. she came out of the military rule. Back in June 1647, the Privy Council asked the Parliament army special declaration with proposals to fix the rights in a written and legal form. Thoughout decades, a power belonged to Parliament and its executive branch. Suggestions on changes in rule, with the t basis for the construction of a new state order were recorded and revived in the minute it came on the board. In fact, the changes led to turning out the country with the dictatorial system of government. Under the new constitution, the supreme legislative power was concentrated in the hands of the Lord Protector and Parliament. The Parliament was unicameral and limited in Participation in the elections to relatively high property qualification, which was 100 times greater than existed before the revolution. The supreme executive power was given to the Lord Protector and the State Council, consisting of not less than 13 but not more than 21 members. Appointment of members of the board depended on the Lord Protector. In between sessions of Parliament Lord Protector command of the armed forces, to exercise diplomatic relations with other states, to appoint senior officials. According to the new Constitution, the life-long power was declared to the explicitly declared the life to Cromwell, who had the status of Lord Protector. Thus, he secured his personal power and rule, which was described as dictatorship. Cromwell soon ceased to convene parliament, members of the State Council he appointed at their discretion. In 1677 the upper house has been restored. Local control was in the hands of the army generals Cromwell [4, s.354]. "The Instrument of Goverment" contained a monarchic beginning in England of XVII century. This constitutional act reflected interests of bourgeoisie and the new nobility, who were highly interested in prevention of restoration of the monarchy. " In essence, the "The Instrument of Goverment", securing personal power mode, define the inverse movement from a republic to a monarchy. Death Cromwell in 1658 accelerated these events The authorized power in the hands of one man- Lord Protector can be called as negative...

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