The Political Career of Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster contributed a large potion of the Civil War. To begin,
he was born in Salisbury, New Hampshire on January 18, 1782. His parents
were farmers so many people didn't know what to expect of him. Even though
his parents were farmers, he still graduated from Dartmouth College in 1801.
After he learned to be a lawyer, Daniel Webster opened a legal practice in
Portsmouth, New Hampshire in 1807.
Webster quickly became an experienced and very good lawyer and a
Federalist party leader. In 1812, Webster was elected to the U.S. House of
Representatives because of his opposition to the War of 1812, which had
crippled New England's shipping trade. After two more terms in the House,
Webster decided to leave the Congress and move to Boston in 1816. Over the
next 6 years, Webster won major constitutional cases in front of the
Supreme Court making him almost famous. Some of his most notable cases
were Dartmouth College v. Woodward, Gibbons v. Ogden, and McCulloch v.
Maryland. He made himself the nations leading lawyer and an outstanding
skilled public speaker or an orator. In 1823, Webster was returned to
Congress from Boston, and in 1827 he was elected senator from Massachusetts.
New circumstances let Daniel Webster become a champion of American
nationalism. With the Federalist Party dead, he joined the National
Republican party, he joined with Westerner Henry Clay and then endorsing
federal aid for roads in the West. In 1828, since Massachusettses had
shifted the economic interest from shipping to manufacturing, Webster
decided to back the high-tariff bill of that year to help the small new
manufacturing businesses grow. Angry southern leaders condemned the tariff,
and South Carolina's John C. Calhoun argued that South Carolina had the
right to nullify or ignore the law. Replying to South Carolina's Robert
Hayne in a Senate debate in 1830, Webster triumphantly defended the Union
states by a very powerful but short speech. He said, "Liberty and Union,
now and forever, one and inseparable," made him a favorite and made him
well known among many people worldwide.