The Political Past, Present, and Future of Russia Russia never associated as a democracy in anyone's mind. It had always
been an authoritarian regime of different species and developed a
mentality, which creates an almost unsurpassable obstacle for
democratic development. Unlike Britain, which took gradual and
methodical steps towards democracy, Russia always had abrupt and
extreme changes that always created chaos and significantly slowed
down the development of the democratic system. By the end of the 20th
century Russia finally embarked on a pragmatic course towards
democracy, however it certainly prognosis a long establishment.
Russia's history and culture traces back for over a thousand years,
which left deep marks in the mentality of Russian people and certainly
had a great impact in Russia's political and cultural development.
Russia was always somewhat different from most of the European
countries; it was isolated by different political principals and
From the early historical development Russia took a different route
from the rest of Europe. It adopted the orthodox religion from the
Byzantine Empire and became the center of orthodoxy, the main religion
of present Russian Federation, while most European states had Roman
Catholicism. Besides religion Russia also acquired the Cyrillic
alphabet that is still used today, instead of Latin alphabet that was
used throughout Western Europe. However, the biggest difference
between Russian and the west were the contrasting polity developments.
During the Middle Ages Russia was occupied by the Mongols. The Mongol
dominion inclined Russia towards autocracy and a threat of further
invasion triggered Russia to create an autocratic regime, which from
their perspective would create a better defensive environment.
Russia's size and multicultural population was a big threat for
disintegration, and thus required a strong centralized government.
After the middle ages most of Europe began slow democratization
process. For example Britain was sailing away from autocratic feudal
system, developing a political system with more even distribution of
authority. Russia on the other hand gave no signs of democratic idea
and still had single rulers know as czars. They ruled the Muscovite
state, which is how Russia was called roughly from 12th through 15th
century. People were completely suppressed and no one had courage or
sufficient education to object with the czarist ideas and promote and
changes and reforms. While Europe experienced the Renaissance period
with intellectual and spiritual movements, Russia stayed isolated
lacking any incentive for...