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The Political Philosophy Of Hazebullah Essay

1694 words - 7 pages

The political philosophy of Hezbollah, an Islamic militant group and political party is mainly influenced by the external factors. Hezbullah (Party of God) was established in 1982 in first war of Lebanon. “It arose out of an anti-Israel Shia Muslim rebel movement and was funded by Iran and trained by Iran’s Quds Force. Hezbollah has been based in Southern Lebanon since its creation and is now led by Hasan Nasrullah.” (Alagha, The Shift in Hezbollah's Idealogy, 2006). Hezbollah entered the political arena of Lebanese in 1992 for the purpose of taking control of Lebanon and to make the people and world believe that it was not an organization of terrorists instead it was a legitimate political movement. As Joseph mentioned, Hezbollah has five political ideologies, which formed its goals and strategies based on (Alagha, The Shift in Hezbollah's Idealogy, 2006). The first political ideology is about the oppressor and oppressed. According to Hezbollah the imperial-capitalist first world nations are the oppressors, mainly those states are the United States, France and “Little Satan” Israel. Hezbollah worried that these oppressors should be punished based on the status or level of their oppression, such as, tyranny, injustice, exploitation, treason, hypocrisy, betrayal and thus, justice is what the oppressed, Muslim society demands from the oppressor. The second political ideology of Hezbollah is about Islamic state. Hezbollah calls upon the population of Lebanon to make a decision on an Islamic state, because only an Islamic state can guarantee justice, liberty, and security, because only an Islamic system can deter the intervention of the colonialist and imperialist to Lebanon.

The third political ideology of Hezbollah is the position toward Israel. The three core reasons that Hezbollah recognized were the politically, militarily, intellectually, and ideologically resist Israel occupation and continue to move violently to the Islamic resistance until the elimination of Israel. According to Hezbullah ideology, the survival of Zionist entity is illegal and it has no right to exist, no right to exist in the land of Palestine, and no Arab Muslim Nations has the right to recognize Israel and its legitimacy as a sovereign nation (Alagha, The Shift in Hezbollah's Idealogy, 2006). The fourth political ideology of Hezbollah is about agreement of Muslim brothers. Hezbollah calls for the unity of all Umma through the ideological and political relationship of Islam. Fadlallah, a scholar that Hezbollah mostly follows his path, mentions that Fitna originates from the collaboration of Islamic countries with United States and Israel. Additionally, he urges that the Muslim population must be responsible and mobilize against the perpetrators of Fitna and safeguard Islam existence and future (Fadlallah, p. 132). Hezbollah’s view toward the west particularly United Sates is considered the fifth political ideology, which was influenced by the analysis of Imam Khumayni,...

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