The Political Philosophy Of Karl Marx

2443 words - 10 pages

Workers of the World Unite; You Have Nothing to Lose but Your Chains.
-- Karl Marx, Communist Manifesto

Karl Marx had very strong viewpoints in regards to capitalism, making him a great candidate for this assignment. People constantly debate over whether his ideologies held any grain of truth to them. I believe that although not everything Marx predicted in his writings has come true (yet), he was definitely right on about a lot of issues. As a matter of fact, his teachings can definitely be applied to today’s society. This paper will give a summary of Marx’s political philosophy. It will also discuss a contemporary issue: the current economic crisis— and how Marx believed racism played a crucial a role in it. Finally, through the lens he has developed, I will explain how Marx would analyze this issue and how one can argue that it spurred the current movement known as Occupy Wall Street.
Karl Marx was a German philosopher and political theorist. He developed the socio-political theory of Marxism. One of his most famous works is The Communist Manifesto that he co-wrote with Friedrich Engels. In The Communist Manifesto, Marx discusses his theories on society, economics and politics. He believed that “all societies progress through the dialectic of class struggle”. He criticized capitalism, and referred to it as the "dictatorship of the bourgeoisie". Marx believed that capitalism was unfair because the rich middle and upper class people manipulated the system and used it for their own benefit while we get the short end of the stick. We, being average Americans— like myself— who go to college full-time, juggle a job, and yet are constantly struggling just to make ends meet: the unappreciated, exploited and underpaid every day heroes. Marx believes that the capitalist system takes advantage of lower middle class and poor people.
Before delving into the many things that Marx found wrong with Capitalism and how it caused the economic crisis that we are currently in, let us briefly go over what Capitalism is to begin with. According to, Capitalism is: “an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations”. There are two types of income in Capitalism. They are profit and wages. Profit is basically what you get from selling your capital. Wages is what you get if you sell your labor; an example of this is being a worker. This leads us directly into the thinking of Karl Marx.
Marx insisted that capitalism was bound to cause internal problems and that it would eventually completely fall apart and be replaced by a different system: Socialism. Under Socialism, the power would finally shift to the working class and they would be the ones with political power. Marx referred to this as the "dictatorship of the proletariat" or as some people call it “the workers state". Then, with time, Socialism...

Find Another Essay On The Political Philosophy of Karl Marx

Biography of Karl Marx Essay

1432 words - 6 pages Biography of Karl Marx Karl Marx, the author of the Communist Manifesto, is viewed to be one of the greatest social thinkers of his time. His social, political and economical thoughts are still highly regarded today. The life of this man is stamped with many accomplishments and ideas that have been adopted by many prominent figures. As a historian, philosopher, and revolutionary, Karl Marx has helped shaped the society of the

Biography of Karl Marx Essay

1112 words - 4 pages Biography of Karl Marx Karl Heinrich Marx was a German philosopher, social scientist, and revolutionist whose writings formed the beginning of the basic ideas known as Marxism. Although he was largely disregarded by scholars in his own lifetime, his social, economic and political ideas gained rapid acceptance in the socialist movement after his death. With the help of Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx created much of the theory of socialism and

Biography of Karl Marx

1231 words - 5 pages Biography of Karl Marx Only in the course of the world’s history can a person born over a hundred years ago be as famous today as they were back then. Karl Marx is one person that fits this category. He paved the way for people of the same political background as his own. Marx’s ideas were unique and started uproar all over Europe. Marx helped write the Communist Manifesto one of the most important pieces of literature on Communism

Life of Karl Marx

2078 words - 8 pages development of their children. His father hoped Karl would make a profound impact on the world. If he had only known how profound that impact would be. Marx's radical political ideas can be traced back to his high school years (1830-35). Several of his teachers and fellow students were engaged in quite liberal thinking. Marx wrote a report in high school in which he was to choose a profession. His paper focused on the

A summary of the idealogies and thoughts of Karl Marx

1984 words - 8 pages the works of Marx (Reiss 112). This further enhances the argument that Karl Marx was the most influential person in the history of the world; he not only did things himself, but his teachings spawned numerous cohorts who in turn accomplished much for the advancement of human society, things that they would have not done had it not been for Marx.Karl Marx was the first political proponent of women's rights. He declared that women should be treated

The Ideas of Karl Marx and The Communist Manifesto

2025 words - 8 pages The Ideas of Karl Marx and The Communist Manifesto It has been shown by many historians, scientists, and psychologists that people are affected by the world around them. This is exactly what caused Karl Marx to write his Communist Manifesto. The living conditions of the working class-his proletariat, as well as that of the bourgeoisie (the upper class) must have had a profound effect on his views and ideals. In France the

A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx

1614 words - 6 pages A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Karl Marx was an idealist. He observed the cruelties and injustices that the poor working class endured during the period of industrial revolution, and was inspired to write of a society in which no oppression existed for any class of people. Marx believed in a revolution that would end socialism and capitalism, and focus on communist principles. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written

How Karl Marx Accounts for the Industrialization of Society

1865 words - 7 pages widespread use of slavery. In conclusion Marxism emerged as a philosophy following the death of Karl Marx is 1883. A determinist philosophy, it sees society as being on an inevitable course towards socialism. Marx’s ideas have provided an evolutionary explanation of how societies developed through a series of stages and provided knowledge of how during pre capitalists times mans knowledge grew with the development of

On the Free Will Theorem of Karl Marx

1074 words - 4 pages Since his publication of many if his manuscripts in the 1800’s, there has been speculation and dialogue surrounding whether Karl Marx is a determinist or a free will theorist. Though both discourses make prominently valid points and observations, the works of Karl Marx stand alone as free will theories. Many scholars and other observers who claim and state that Marxism is deterministic often refer greatly to Marx’s words on the economy and

The Comparison of Karl Marx and Matthew Arnold

640 words - 3 pages Through their writing, Karl Marx and Matthew Arnold show their opposing views on the importance of internal and external functions of culture. In the first chapter of Culture and Anarchy, 'Sweetness and Light', Arnold describes culture as being responsible for the progress of politics and society and as 'the best knowledge and thought of the time' (19). Matthew Arnold's culture is based on two main aspects, religion and education. Karl Marx

Compare and contrast the views of Durkhiem and Karl Marx.

1240 words - 5 pages ; Unwin,pp.206-214.Hamilton, Malcolm. 2001, Sociology of religion : Theoretical and comparative perspectives,Routledge.Marx, Karl, 1973, "On the Future of Religion", in Sociological Perspectives: SelectedReadings, (Eds. Kenneth Thompson and Jeremy Tunstall), Penguin pp.439-440.Rawls, Anne Warfield. 2005, Epistemology and Practice : Durkheim's The ElementaryForms of Religious Life, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Thompson, Kenneth. 2002, Emile Durkheim, Routledge.Wood, Allen. 2004, Marx Karl: Arguments of the philosophers, Routledge

Similar Essays

Why Karl Marx Thought Communism Was The Ideal Political Party

1054 words - 4 pages Why Karl Marx Thought Communism was the Ideal Political Party Karl Marx was brought up in a Jewish community and society in his early years. His father was a lawyer, although he was descended from a long line of rabbis. As opportunities for Jews decreased Karl Marx's father, Herschel, decided to convert from Jewish to Lutheranism, which was the Prussian states religion. The Marx family was very liberal and often held

Karl Marx And The Authorship Of Communism

3229 words - 13 pages (1986). 'Marx, Communism and Anarchism,' in David Muschamp (Ed) Political Thinkers. Macmillan Education Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne. Pp 194 - 212Li, Quan and Smith, Dale L. (2002). 'The Dilemma of Financial Liberalization: State Autonomy and Societal Demands.' The Journal of Politics, Vol 64, No. 3. Pp 764-790Marx, Karl (1974). Selected Writings in Sociology and Social Philosophy, Bottomore and Rubel (Eds). Penguin Books, MiddlesexMichels

Biography Of Karl Marx Essay 1676 Words

1676 words - 7 pages ," Marx decided to become a lecturer at the university level. Once finished with his doctorial thesis on the philosophy of Epicurus, Karl turned to his mentor, Bruno Bauer, whom he hoped would be able to help him get a job as a professor at Bonn. Marx was soon notified that Bauer had been removed from his position due to his outspoken atheism ². Marx was unable to find a position due to his connections with Bauer. Marx's connections with Bauer

Biography Of Karl Marx Essay 1293 Words

1293 words - 5 pages the Prussian government.8 In 1841, Karl Marx successfully submitted his doctoral thesis on the philosophy of Epicurus and Democritus to the University of Jena . The following year, he began working for a liberal newspaper called the Rheinische Zeitung, and was finally allowed to marry Jenny. The newspaper employed many young radical writers and raised much controversy. Marx quickly resigned and moved to Paris where he began a