The Political Satire Of The Novel 1984 By George Orwell

1486 words - 6 pages

In the words of Bob Dylan, “No one is free, even the birds are chained to the sky.” It is ironic how this saying profoundly explains the political satire of the novel, 1984. Living under a tyrannical system, no one is safe in the novel, including 39-year-old, Winston Smith who lives in a society where he is taken away of all his rights and freedoms, in which even a tiny facial gesture can be deemed a detriment to society. 1984, written by George Orwell, depicts a dystopian future, where freedom and individuality are lost to totalitarian government systems like “Big Brother” and “The Party” who brainwash society through inhuman tactics of psychological and physical control forcing its citizens into submission. Therefore, in a society where a totalitarian government exists, freedom is restricted through technology, psychology and history, and resistance is futile.
Personal privacy and space is never present throughout 1984. Surveillance is almost everywhere in Oceania. Every person is a victim of constant observation. It is impossible for individualism to exist since “Big Brother” is always watching. The use of technology is a powerful tool in 1984. The giant telescreens in every citizen’s room, used for scrutinizing its citizen’s blasts various forms of propaganda designed to make the Party appear triumphant and successful. The telescreens which operate 24/7 also monitor behavior, where miniscule facial twitches could be caught through surveillance cameras. Ubiquitously, citizens are always reminded, by the pervasive propaganda signs that, “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU”( 3). Propaganda signs are used as effective tools to influence society into believing that its citizens are permanently being watched. Telescreens are not the only devices monitoring the citizens of Oceania; microphones are also placed all over Oceania to record every single conversation, whisper, cough or sneeze. These technologies are clear indications that all of society was being watched and that no one was safe from surveillance. In addition to manipulating their minds through technology, the Party also controls the bodies of its subjects. The Party constantly watches for any sign of disloyalty, to the point where even miniscule gestures that looked suspicious could lead to an arrest. Anyone who is caught defying the Party was punished and “re-educated” through brutal torture. Through all these tactics, Winston rebels against this totalitarian system and tries to avoid surveillance, “[E]ven though he well knew, a back could be revealing”(5), was still being watched by people such as Mr. Harrington, a storekeeper, and O’brien, a powerful member of the Inner Party .
The totalitarian government uses its absolute power to repress the citizens’ sexual impulses and control the minds of its citizens. Practically, every single aspect of the society in 1984 is controlled, especially where sexual desires, compassion, love and affection are forbidden and the phrase "I love you", is...

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