The Population Situation In China Essay

1911 words - 8 pages

The Population Situation in China

A country is said to be overpopulated when the number of people in an area exceeds that area's resource capacity to sustain human activities at a decent standard of living.(1) When the population cannot be maintained without rapidly depleting nonrenewable resources or converting renewable resources into nonrenewable resources quickly enough, measures must be taken either to control the population or increase the area's resources. The People's Republic of China experienced a population explosion after World War II that sent its population doubling to 550 million in 1950. The country's growth of 14 million per year is equal to a new Australia every year.(2) With the rapidly developing population situation, the Chinese government implemented many policies to curb the population growth. Many of such policies raised issues surrounding the repression of freedoms and the demeaning of human rights. This paper will outline the various reasons for China's population growth, it's impact and the various governmental policies to control population.

China's Population Distribution
China has more people than any other country. By the end of 1995, one out of every five people in the world lives in China. China had a population of 1,211.21 million living on the mainland. By contrast, the United States, with the third largest population, accounts for only one of every twenty people.(3) China's population density of 126 people per square kilometer (317 persons per square mile), according to the 1995 sample survey on one percent of China's population, is relatively high.(4) However, China does not have the highest population density in the world because of the country's vast land resources. China is the world's third largest country in land area (5) 9.3 million square kilometers, or 3.6 million square miles but the country's mountainous and desert regions do not support much inhabitants. Much of the population is clustered along the Pacific coast and in several fertile river valleys that extend inland, such as the Huang and the Yangtze. The most populous regions are in the rural areas where farming and other primary industries make for a source of livelihood. Eight major cities support more than two million inhabitants, but three-fourths of the population live in the rural areas.(6) The population is distributed with more than 400 people per square kilometer in the coastal areas and the east and more sparsely populated in the plateau areas in the west with fewer than 10 people per square kilometer.(7) China's population is growing at the rate of 1.4 percent per year. In 1994, its fertility rate was on replacement level, with an average of 1.84 children per woman.(8) Below shows, in general, the composition of the population in China:(9) By Gender Male, 51.03% Female, 48.97% By Region Cities and Towns, 29.04% Countrysides, 70.96% By Age Below 14 years, 26.81% 15-64 years, 66.96% Above 65...

Find Another Essay On The Population Situation in China

Compare and contrast the population management strategies in India and China.

1094 words - 4 pages Compare and contrast the population management strategies in India and China.India and China are both facing the same oncoming immanent disaster if nothing is done to stem the growth of their populations before their natural recourses and food supplies can no longer sustain the increasing pressure being placed on them by overpopulation.China recognized the consequences of their population growth back in the 1950's and quickly implemented a

A discussion of the population size, population composition and function of the village in rural areas between those in China and those in MEDCs.

1213 words - 5 pages as a town or village. Normally, LEDCs like China have much more rural population than MEDCs such as Britain and USA.One reason for this phenomenon is that LEDCs tend to have large amount of primary industries such as farming and forestry, more population might be needed to work on the land. These people, however, are relatively poor than those in urban. Although China has implemented the One child policy in 1979. Yet, many rural areas would not


1070 words - 4 pages Not many people realize that more than half of the world's population is undernourished or malnourished and one in every three of them lives in an abject poverty. These facts are the ones that fund-raising agencies or news media often glorify for obvious reasons. Compassion, feeling of guilt makes people donate money thus allowing organizations like Action Aid to operate. With the news about mass education, reduction in population and fund

The Political Situation in Mauritius

1968 words - 8 pages The political situation in Mauritius is in ebullition with the Labour Party (MLP) holding on to power with a slim majority in Parliament. The defection of the Movement Socialist Mauricien (MSM) from the government, it is believed, could endanger Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam's rule. The ongoing crisis maybe the chance for Paul Berenger to grab power for the last time. As a backdrop of the crisis, is the sale of a private medical institution

Understanding the Political Situation in Myanmar

1366 words - 5 pages The Myanmar government had announced its elections results in December 2010. This saw another civil clash between the military junta and civil group which claimed the election result is not fair. The situation in Myanmar has immediate implications for the Southeast Asia region. The international community had criticized the ASEAN for failure to take the adequate steps to in stabilizing the situation in Myanmar. It also have leads to failure of

Current Macroeconomic Situation in the United States

961 words - 4 pages businesses, reduced rate of unemployment, and reduction in government cut. Some analysts have also stated that the country’s economy will strengthen in 2014 with an average of 2.7 percent or more. However, these predictions can only be understood through an analysis of the current macroeconomic situation in the United States. Current Macroeconomic Situation: According to Payne (2014), the U.S. economic growth will strengthen in this year

The Situation of African-Americans in America

678 words - 3 pages to the USA in 1619. Africans were kidnapped treated like animals or even worse, and brought to the USA in chains. This "promised land" gave them a life in slavery and fear of torture and whippings. In the US, Blacks were a minority, making 10 to 20 % of the population. While Whites looked back proudly on their achievements in history and culture, Blacks were denied their identity. Instead, Whites created an image of Africa that was one of

Increase in The Global Population

2484 words - 10 pages The global population is increasing at a rapid pace, and a considerable amount of attention is being given by many nations throughout the world to the steady climb in people’s ages. People living long into the standard retirement age is largely contributing to the massive increase in the global population. It is only in the last century or so that there has been a high rate of elderly people. Now, people who are 65 years old or so are considered

The Homelessness Population in America

2125 words - 9 pages relationship, emotional or, verbal abuse they will find a way to run away from the situation to find helpful means to getting to a better health. Others result to violence because they have psychologically be impacted or feel degraded by society so they do what they can to stay away from the shelter or result to committing crimes because they may not believe in a better way of M.N-5 living or feel a sense of helplessness. This unravels the

Tuberculosis in the Hispanic population in California

741 words - 3 pages Phase 3: Educational diagnosis: Predisposing factors; The Latino/Hispanic population in California usually consisting of immigrants that lack basic education, have poor living conditions and live in communities that that do not provide adequate sanitation and airspace consequently leading to more people exposed to tuberculosis. Also frequent bilateral border crossings and movement within the United States contribute to delays in TB diagnosis

The Population Growth Rate In India

1428 words - 6 pages institutions, which encourage the survival of the family and the community through high fertility. Modernization is slowly changing this situation, but to insure success considerably more progress needs to be made. Bibliography Chandrasekhar, S. Abortion in a Crowded World: The problem of abortion with special reference to India (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1974). Franda, Marcus F. (ed.). Response to Population Growth in India: Changes in

Similar Essays

The Problems Of Population Growth In China

1261 words - 5 pages education, balance of income will be broken. The energy and resources situation is uncertain and complex; people are being forced to use the resources that produce it faster than is probably healthy. The population is growing continuously, and it requires more food to meet the needs. High house property prices, high medical costs become people's severe life difficulties.Also, unemployment is a big problem when facing the population challenge in China

The Effects Of Population Growth In China

2336 words - 9 pages Thesis statement : Since the population has grown rapidly since in the past Fifty (5) years, how did the Chinese government deal with the population explosion in the past and how will they deal,with it in the future? Though China is the world's fifth-largest country in terms of area and the second largest country in Asia, it is the most populous country in the world. There is over one billion Chinese people which is 19 percent of the

Over Population In China Essay

564 words - 2 pages Notes: Figures are diagrams and I can not include them do to text formatting.Population 1.0Chinas population has been skyrocketing over the past decades and isn't showing any obvious signs of slowing down. Since World War II the population of China has been told to conceive more children to bump up the fallen soldiers taken in the war. The population of China complied and started to give birth to more babies, however they did not foresee the

Aging Population In China, Japan And Korea

1286 words - 5 pages problem when they were in 1970s but China and South Korea almost simultaneously entered an aging society in 2000s. Situation in Japan is quite serious as it caused labor shortage; the government has encouraged elderly continue to work until 70 years old. Also, aging population in China has China characteristics which it is more serious in the eastern part. Life expectancy of elderly There is a large gap of average life expectancy among three