This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Positive Effect Of High Quality Childcare On Children's Cognitive Development

1956 words - 8 pages

Cognitive development is defined as the growth and change in a person’s ability to perform mental tasks including thinking, understanding and reasoning (California Department of Education, 2014). Cognitive development is a process involving a complex interaction between biological and environmental factors (Feinstein, 2003, as cited in Wong, & Edwards, 2013). There are multiple factors that occur in early childhood including breastfeeding, parental intelligence and obstetric complications that have been researched to understand the effect that they have on children cognitive development extending into adolescence and adulthood. However, research regarding these variables has been met with several limitations. It will be argued that the quality and quantity of formal childcare is a key variable that will affect a child’s level of cognitive development.
The ABS, 2011, defines formal childcare as regulated care separate from the child’s home including family day care and before and after school care. The importance of the quality of formal childcare on cognitive development is emphasised by Albers, Riksen-Walraven, and de Worth (2010). They investigated the relationship between the independent variable of the caregiver’s behaviour in childcare and the level of cognitive development during the first year of life.
Albers et al. selected a random sample of seventy childcare centres from which 86% agreed to participate. The childcare centres that disagreed gave reasons such as there were no new infants or issues related to organisational situations. 113 parents of children from these childcare centres were asked to participate and 64 gave consent with mean age of these children being 3.3 (SD=0.64).
The quality of childcare in these centres was then assessed by Albers et al. through naturalistic observation of one on one interaction with the child during their first week, 12th week and 24th week in care. This descriptive research design focused on measuring caregiver sensitivity and stimulation using two separate scales. Sensitivity was assessed through the caregiver’s response to cues and signals of the child while stimulation was measured by the degree that the caregiver attempts to enhance child development and foster learning. The level of cognitive development of the child was then measured using the Bayleys Scale of Development. Their results affirmed the importance of childcare as they suggested that even a small increase of the developmental stimulation given by the caregiver in childcare may advance an infant’s cognitive development.
The findings of Albers et al. that childcare providing stimulation enhances cognitive development are further supported by Li, Farkas, Duncan, Burchinal, and Lowe (2013) who studied the relationship between the quality of childcare and the level of cognitive development. The participants recruited for this study were a socioeconomically diverse sample of American children and their family. This study by Li et...

Find Another Essay On The Positive Effect of High Quality Childcare on Children's Cognitive Development

High Quality Feedback Effect on Performance of Low Achievers in Physical Education

2525 words - 10 pages approach, should it have a detrimental effect. Keeping my research focussed specifically on the area of feedbacks effect on performance; using an interpretivist paradigm; collecting and collating qualitative data, combined with careful planning and triangulation to increase the researches reliability and validity, will help inform my practice and elaborate on: ‘What extent does high quality feedback effect performance of low achievers in Physical

A study on whether sleep quality has an effect on mood and cognitive function

2036 words - 8 pages sleep deprived. (Baruch & Peretz, 2005). According to Wolfson and Carskadon (2003), cognitive performance becomes worse when the time on the task is extended which will be a classic fatigue task effect that is made worse by the sleep loss. The present study shows the same results, that the quality of sleep has an impact on a person` s mood and cognitive performance. A person who has a good night sleep will definitely have good results in

Parenting Behaviors, and Children's Cognitive Development in Low-Income and Minority Families

1151 words - 5 pages Parental Involvement, Parenting Behaviors, and Children's Cognitive Development in Low-Income and Minority Families Recently, programs have been created to help parents to interact more with their children’s school. Studies have been conducted to investigate the effect that these programs have on children and their families focusing on the cognitive and social outcomes (Chang, Singh, & Sung, 2009). However, there is a need for more studies that

The Detriments of Formal Schooling on Early Cognitive Development

1282 words - 5 pages with these ideas is that a moulded, rich academic environment takes away from real world situations that initially influenced children's cognitive development through cultural aspects. Moulding the environment to conform to an academic focus takes the 'self' out of the equations where children developed cognitively by relation to the situations in their natural environments. The affects that formal schooling has on the child's 'self' are

The Effects of Prenatal Cocaine-Exposure On Cognitive Development

1667 words - 7 pages impairment in the child’s cognitive development. Laura E. Berk states in her section on “Prenatal environmental influences”, that from the third week of pregnancy, the critical period for the central nervous system – including the brain- begins (2005). With this in mind, the child’s cognitive development could be affected from the very beginning of the central nervous system’s development to the actual birth of the child. There have been many studies

The Effect of High Frequency Trading Systems on Financial Markets

1394 words - 6 pages because price movements have become so large and volatile. Thus, this offers substantiation of what is the perceived effect of HFT on market participants. Additionally, this may also be why the SEC is scrutinising HFT amid concerns it is placing other investors at a distinct disadvantage (Mackenzie, 2009). Works Cited Brogaard, J. (2011). HIGH FREQUENCY TRADING AND ITS IMPACT ON MARKET QUALITY. Available:

Piagets theory of Cognitive development on educ

579 words - 2 pages ? The influence on education of Piaget?s theory of cognitive development has been enormous? Piaget showed through his studies of cognitive development in children that it is a relatively orderly process that takes place gradually. It is through Piaget?s work in cognitive development that we can come to understand the way children learn and interact with the world around them.The environment affects a child?s cognitive development, as they mature

Genetic Engineering’s Positive Effect on the Wor

950 words - 4 pages cells and replaced the deteriorating brain cells in the brains of rats with them, and the result was astounding (1 Rowland). The rats were able to gain back their voluntarily movements. If this technique works properly, it can be used on humans and help them gain back their health and confidence. In addition, Huntington's disease has been figured out through genetic engineering. Symptoms for this disease don't show until the victim is a middle

The Cost of Childcare

1980 words - 8 pages advertising the available subsidies. The Office of Child Care or (OCC) is in place to support low-income families by providing access to affordable, high-quality early care and after school programs. The Child Care and Development Fund or (CCDF) is administered by the OCC. The CCDF works with each state or territory to help provide support for children and their families that are struggling to find childcare programs. Many people benefit from this

The Cost of Childcare

1717 words - 7 pages other kids inside the childcare facility. Some people may argue that children being in a childcare facility may affect their behavior when they grow up. Children tend to mimic other kids and if there are some kids in the childcare facility acting out, the other kids may act out as well. People may argue that it’s a difference between low- and high- quality childcare that has that effect on children. Rob Stein says in the Washington post: Low

The Benefits of High Quality Early Education

2685 words - 11 pages to how much a child knows. His work described how storytelling and literacy activities help children improve their literacy experiences. Preschool children that had experienced high quality literacy instruction benefit in emotional and cognitive development significantly. Missal (2008) emphasized on the importance of early literacy development and school readiness. Early education classroom environments and curriculum had to be designed to

Similar Essays

The Effects Of Day Care On Children's Cognitive And Social Development

1260 words - 5 pages child does) and is limited in the amount of information that is actually gathered. Results tend to show that attachments don't weaken through daily separations. If the day care is good quality then children can benefit from it. Day care on children's cognitive development -------------------------------------------- According to Scarr (1998) children from low income families can benefit from good quality day

Consider Psychological Research Into The Effects Of Day Care On Children's Cognitive And/Or Social Development

514 words - 2 pages "While day care is being increasingly used by parents, it is still nuclear what its precise effects are on a child's development are."Consider psychological research into the effects of day care on children's cognitive and/or social developmentCognitive development is the growth and development of a child's mental processes. The effects on the cognitive development of children who go to day care are mainly positive especially in boys who benefit

Psychological Evidence Into The Effects Of Day Care On Children's Cognitive And/Or Social Development

1222 words - 5 pages Psychological Evidence Into the Effects of Day Care on Children's Cognitive and/or Social Development Effects of day care on cognitive development - cognitive development is the changes that take place throughout (in this case) a child's life, referring to his/her mental abilities. This includes memory, perception, language and intelligence. The strong bond between caregiver and child promotes this development as it allows

Evaluating The Effect Of Personal Identity Development On Leadership Quality

1092 words - 5 pages possible that leader’s and followers’ personal identity can act as both mediator and moderator of the interconnection between leaders and followers, and how they behave to construct the leadership system (Knippenberg, Cremer & Hogg, 2004). The focus of this essay is to discuss the effect of youth personality development on leadership quality in the adulthood phase. Furthermore, this essay is going to cover models, theories and opinions provided on