Special education has undergone immense changes through the years. Research and studies on the debate of whether or not inclusion is appropriate for special education students is just beginning to cultivate. The question has always been, what is best for these students? Schools and teachers are becoming leaders in the exploration of new paths, in search of new teaching styles and techniques. Mainstreaming or inclusion at the middle school and high school level, which is educating students with special needs in regular classes with their non-disabled peers, has proven to be beneficial for the special education students cognitive and social developmental needs. It can not only benefit the handicapped student but all students in the classroom.
What is a Learning Disorder?
Before developing an opinion on the matter of inclusion, one must first fully comprehend what a learning disorder is. According to the National Center for Learning Disabilities (2009), a Learning Disorders (LD) is a “specific neurological disorders that affect the brain's ability to store, process or communicate information”. To understand this, Kemp, Segal & Cutter (2010) used the example of a landline telephone. If the phone has faulty wiring, one has trouble communicating with someone they are trying to reach. If there is faulty wiring in the brain, the normal lines of communication are disrupted therefore making it difficult to process information. LDs vary in severity in each individual situation and effect everyone differently. Although LDs are often connected with other disabilities, it’s important to not get LDs confused with other disorders, like autism and down syndrome. Just because a child has a learning disability, one can not assume that the individual automatically has another disability, like mental retardation. No matter what the case all children should have the chance to receive proper and quality education. This paper will examine what is being to done to ensure that all students with LDs receive a that education.
Laws and Acts that Protect Special Education Students
The National Center for Learning Disabilities (2009) states that about 2.9 million school-aged children in the US are classified as having specific learning disabilities (SLD) and receive some kind of special education support. Therefore, it is imperative that there are programs available for students to flourish to the best of there ability in the school environment. An important part of a positive school environment is that the proper resources are in put in place and are readily available to those who needs them. One of these federal laws put in place to ensure this is the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or IDEA. This laws guarantees that all students receive the appropriate education needed for there individual situation. According to the U.S. Department of Education, the IDEA “is a law ensuring services to children with disabilities throughout the...