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The Possibilities Of Utopias In Gulliver's Travels By Jonathan Swift

734 words - 3 pages

The idea of the perfect and model state has existed since the beginning of civilization. In Jonathon Swift’s satirical novel Gulliver’s Travels, Gulliver travels to remote lands and is keen on analyzing and investigating the possibility of utopias. There are noticeable instances of utopias in Gulliver’s Travels; such is symbolized by the Houyhnhnms and the Lilliputians. However, most of these states could not be logically achievable in Swifts’ English society due to the fact that it would require a much different governing state. The only obtainable utopia that Gulliver observed in Gulliver’s Travels is the Lilliputians due to their systematic order of politics law that are similar to that of 17th and 18th Century England. Although there are certain features of Lilliputian society in Gulliver’s Travels that are bizarre, the similarities of Lilliputian society to that of England are used to show that troubles are present in all civilization and it is outlandish to imagine that they could not exist.
Although the Houyhnhnms presented in Gulliver’s Travels have a model way of life, Swift makes them non-human horse-like creatures. This is significant because it proposes that only those who are non-human are truly competent of existing in a fair society or a utopia. It is essential to recognize that the Lilliputians are comparable to English society, their miniscule size being the only difference. The Lilliputians in Gulliver’s Travels are comparable with England as Gulliver observes the insignificance of certain proceedings that appear to become important in politics and society. This portrayal of Lilliput and their society provides an example on how an English utopia could be realized, most notably in terms of politics and law.
The English monarchy in Swift’s period had a direct influence on the people; all aspects of life were at the hand of the King, even law. This concept of power is parodied in Gulliver’s Travels by the Lilliputians. Lilliput is said to be ruled by an Emperor, Golbasto Momarem Evlame Gurdilo Shefin Mully Ully Gue. He is assisted by a first minister, who carries a white staff, and several other high ranking offiacls . The galbet or high admiral, Skyresh Bolgolam, the lord high treasurer,...

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