Do we have a flawed presidential election? There are many Americans that believe their vote is more important than the Electoral College system, and that the presidential election should be based on popular vote. The question I have for you is what does John Q. Adams, Rutherford B. Hayes, Benjamin Harrison, and George Bush, have in common? They are all winners by electoral vote, but not by popular vote. They are proof that the Electoral College system is flawed, and I will try to explain how it can be fixed.
There are 538 electoral votes that are up for grabs during a presidential election. Many people don’t understand how these electoral votes are split up. First, you have to break down where these 538 votes come from. In Article 1, Section 3 of the United States Constitution it states that “ The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote”. This is where 100 of the 538 electoral votes stem from.
Article 1, Section 2 of the United States Constitution also states that “The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each state shall have at Least one Representative”. The amount of votes by the House of Representatives is based off the population of the state itself. Also according to the 23rd Amendment of the United States Constitution the District of Columbia will receive three representatives. This sums the total up to 385 Representatives that must be split amongst the states.
In 1941 Congress adopted the “Method of Equal Proportion” in order to determine how many Representatives will belong to each state. There are five different apportionment methods to choose from, all being very complicated to describe. The distribution of Representatives is based on a census that happens every ten years. With the population from these censuses and the “Method of Equal Proportion”, the remaining Representatives will be split between the states.
The Presidents that I spoke about at the beginning of this paper were all Presidents that were elected, even though they lost the popular vote. This is a problem that many Americans have with the Electoral College, even though it has only happened four times in history. Americans believe that the popular vote should elect the...