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The Posssibilities Of Terraforming Mars And Some Opinion.

1204 words - 5 pages

The Earth that we live on today is becoming overpopulated with more than six billion people. The human race is exhausting many natural resources such as oil, habitat and minerals. The ozone is disappearing due to pollution and pollution is also causing global warming on Earth. The human race must find a new home because Earth might not be able to endure life for much longer. The only option we have is to move the human race somewhere else. There are few choices and the most logical choice is Mars. Before we can live on Mars, we have to terraform the planet. Terraforming is the process of transforming the Martian atmosphere to create a more habitable living environment. Mars is very similar to Earth in many ways and is the ideal planet to sustain life.Mars is a cold and dry planet today. But, long ago, the planet was once a warm, wet, tropical paradise. There are dried up riverbeds and rock-strewn floodplains which proves as evidence that Mars was once habitable. Mars holds the elements that are needed for life to exist. Some of these elements are water, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. Water may be frozen in the polar ice caps at the north and south poles of Mars.There are some similarities between the Earth and Mars. Some of these similarities are that when Earth was first formed, its atmosphere was almost identical to that of Mars today. It was mostly composed of all carbon dioxide and no oxygen. It wasn't until photosynthetic bacteria developed on Earth that enough oxygen was produced to allow for the development of complex organisms. The similarity to the early Earth and modern Mars atmospheres has led some scientist to believe the same process that turned Earth's atmosphere from mostly carbon dioxide into breathable air could be repeated on Mars.The average surface temperature on Mars is a very cold minus 81 degrees Fahrenheit. In comparison, Earth's average temperature is about 58 degrees Fahrenheit. Obviously, we would need to find a way to heat up the planet for life to live. There are a few Martian features that are close enough to Earth's to consider it for habitation. Some of these are that the rotation rate of Mars is 24 hours and 37 minutes, which is only a difference of 41 minutes from Earth. Another similarity is the axial tilt of 24 degrees, which is only 0.5-degree difference from Earth.To make Mars habitable, we need to create a Martian greenhouse. This process could take thousands of years and the initial steps could take several hundred years. There are currently three ideas of terraforming Mars. The first would be to position large orbital mirrors on Mars to reflect sunlight and heat the surface of Mars. The mirrors would be concentrated at the ice caps of Mars. The increase heat from the mirrors would melt the icecaps ad release carbon dioxide that is believed to be trapped inside the ice. Over a period of many years, the rise in temperature would release greenhouse gases, such as chlorofluorocarbons.The second idea would be...

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