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The Post American World, By Fareed Zakaria And The World Is Flat, By Thomas Friedman

940 words - 4 pages

As Americans we have to start to comprehend that the world around us is changing technologically, politically, and economically. In “The Last Superpower” an excerpt from the book The Post American World by Fareed Zakaria published in 2008. Zakaria emphasizes on these changes. Thomas Friedman the author of “The World is Flat” a piece from the book The World is Flat: A brief history of the twenty-first century published in 2005 also emphasizes on the same changes currently happening in the world. Zakaria and Friedman define these changes as globalization. The obvious common ground shared by both authors is their representation of globalization and the effects that it has and will continue to have on modern life. In contrast to sharing the same main topic both authors take a drastically different approach on how the relay their information to the audience. The differences displayed are mainly due to their personal and educational backgrounds, definitions of globalization as well as the individual writing styles of each author.
First of all, looking into the background of Fareed Zakaria you will discover that he is an Indian born American journalist and author as well as a host for CNN. Zakaria is also a graduate of Yale and has received a PhD in political science from Harvard. On the other hand, we have Thomas Friedman an American author and columnist for New York Times. Friedman is a three time winner of the prestigious Pulitzer Prize. One may assume that because Zakaria has his PhD that his credentials may make him more reliable. For some that may be enough to give him the upper hand over Friedman right from the start. Friedman does not hold a PhD or include statistics in his excerpt but does provide his audience with information on globalization through explanation of past globalizations 1.0, 2.0, and the current 3.0. Friedman also gives examples through firsthand point of view as he observed during a trip to Bangalore in southern India.
With this in mind, Zakaria explains globalization as a possible positive advancement tying the world closer together through technology, business, and politics. He refers to a term used by Samuel Huntington to describe the shifting of powers in the world. Zakaria states that the international system is more accurately described by Samuel Huntington’s term “uni-multipolarity.”(Zakaria 413) The meaning in this is that in coming new world that there will be other countries that hold significant power with one superpower still remaining. Zakaria remains optimistic that the United States will still hold the spot as the most powerful country even as other countries rise, as long as the U.S. can accept the changes of no longer being the only country with power and learn to compromise with other countries in order to...

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