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The Ppaca: Obesity And Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programs

1385 words - 6 pages

Current statistics indicate that in the United States 4 out of 10 girls will become pregnant at least once before the age of 20 (Harris & Allgood, 2009, p.1314). This population of mothers is more likely to dropout then other adolescents in their age group (Harris & Allgood, 2009, p.1314). In fact, more than 60% of teens who give birth before the age of 18 will drop out of high school, putting them at a greater risk of being impoverished later in life (Harris & Allgood, 2009, p.1314). Additionally, the children of adolescent mothers are more likely to have complicated deliveries that can lead to chronic medical and developmental problems (Harris & Allgood, 2009, p.1315). With higher rates of poverty as well as increased pregnancy complications, many teenage mothers may require assistance with acquiring health insurance, childcare, and various other services.
With the passing of the ACA, the Department of Health and Human Services in a partnership with the Secretary of Education established a Pregnancy Assistance Fund that distributes $25 million annually for the fiscal years 2010-2019 (Boonstra, 2010, p.11). In an attempt to make it easy for expectant mothers to be able to carry their pregnancies to term, this grant program provides states with funds, to be used at their discretion, for four specified groups of activities (Boonstra, 2010, p.11). While the program extends services to all pregnant or parenting women, many services are tailored to the needs of teens and adolescent mothers. First ties may be directed towards combating violence against pregnant women through funding intervention and social services to women who are victims of intimate partner violence, sexual assault or stalking around the time of their pregnancy. (Boonstra, 2010, p.12). Secondly, the funds may used to implement activities for teenagers through high school and community center programs (Boonstra, 2010, p.11). Thirdly, money may be distributed to institutions of higher education to assist students in accessing health care, childcare and a variety of other services (Boonstra, 2010, p.11). Finally, states may use these funds to inform the public of the services available to pregnant teens under the creation of the PAF (Boonstra, 2010, p.12).
For individuals without adequate or any health insurance, accessing timely care is complicated (Sultz & Young, 2014, p.298). Additionally, this lack or coverage may lead many to seek care in emergency centers as increased rates than in other ambulatory settings (Sultz & Young, 2014, p.298). These increased costs are passed on to the insured in higher premiums (Sultz & Young, 2014, p.298). For the 40% of teen mothers in the U.S, they place this burden on society. Many teen mothers deal with decreased economic outcomes due to poor educational success (Patel & Sen, 2012, p.1063). The impact of teenage parenting on government expenditures totaled $11.3 billion in aid (Patel & Sen, 2012, p.1063). Today, expenditures of Medicare and...

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