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The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli Essay

1074 words - 5 pages

Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli also referred to as Niccolo Machiavelli born May 3, 1469 is an Italian Renaissance many of talents and qualities. He was a historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer. Machiavelli’s most notorious masterpiece was a novel called The Prince, which consider the most untraditional novel of the Italians renaissance period. Although, Machiavelli knew the consequences of his masterpiece, still remain to release his work because of the need to reveal the truth of being a ruthless and tyrannical prince to restore political structure. The Prince is a manual for hereditary arising rulers or princes. A prince has to be a war hero/ leader, intelligent/strategic, money wisdom, cruelty/feared fighter, and knowing his enemies.
Greatness from a hereditary prince is more than offering from the people of the land. “A prince, first of all, should have no other object or thought in mind than a war and how to wage it” (279). First rule, Machiavelli says nobody else should take lead of wars except the prince. It show who’s supposed to be in power from birth and, “helps men of humble origin to rise to high rank” (279). Also, if the prince pays attention to wealth more than war, he will lose his power as arising leader. Machiavelli used Military leaders and a prince as examples of being a power military leader. “Francesco Sforza, because he had his own army, rose from private citizen to duke of Milan…The prince ought to read history and study the actions of distinguished men to see how they conducted themselves in war” (280-281). Machiavelli used Francesco Sforza (military leader who over threw a weak government and became their duke) as an example to explain how to conduct an army. Sforza believed it’s impossible for an army to have any faith in a leader, if they don’t understand military affair. A prince must have close to impeccable knowledge of the art of war, well experienced with war, and good strategic plans of his surroundings during wartime. According to Machiavelli, “Philopoemem, prince of the Achaeans, among other things for which writers praised him…defeats so that he can imitate the former and avoid the latter” (280-281). Philopoemen (prince, Greek soldier, and a statesman) was always open for opinions on war even when there was peacetime. He would usually go to different countries with his friends and asked them scenarios questions for more knowledge about his surrounding during wartime.
Machiavelli’s rules apply political realism in the novel The Prince, suggesting that there is more than gold and rich to royalty. Since a prince had such a high status, depending on his decision he will either get blamed or praised. Machiavelli states “Thus, one is termed liberal or generous, another miserly or stingy the prince be clever enough to know how to avoid a bad reputation…defend himself against those who make war against him” (282-283). As arising ruler, you can’t be too liberal or generous...

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