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The Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

2551 words - 11 pages

The Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

Primary Health Care simply means “essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stage of development in the spirit of self -reliance and self- determination” (WHO, 1978). This approach came after the Alma Ata conference in 1978 whose golden aim was “health for all by year 2000”. Initially, the old approach was public health which was concerned with curative measurements that is healing only ...view middle of the document...

People become empowered when there is believe in the ability to change. Empowered community change comes from within the community instead of choices directly by outsiders. The health professional provide a field of knowledge in communities so that people are empowered and as result will be health literate. For example, a settlement nurse enables community members to plan health services with the regional health authority and increased awareness of how community members could improve the health.
This helps people to make wise decision whereby there is achievement of good health and wellness since people have appropriate knowledge. Thus, “increased emphasis health promotion encompasses the development and management of preventative health care services that are responsive to community health needs” (Allender, Rector &Warner, 2010).

The second principle is accessibility “healthcare services must be equally shared by all the community irrespective of their race, creed or economic status” ( Accessible and equitable ensuring services are available according to need and are paid for according to capacity to pay. Responsive consumer focussed services that are needs-based and responsive to individual differences, cultural diversity and preference. There is greater focus on maintaining wellness, strengthening illness prevention and early intervention to maintain optimal health. Sustainable health services must be based on appropriate mode. Efficient through building on effective preventative approaches and providing seamless pathways that maximise continuity of patient care. There are certain barriers that decrease the chance of people from getting access to health and ill treatment services. This includes things such as unemployment, lack of information pertinent to good health, cultural and language difficulties. There are other factors such as environment; the geographical distance from service. For example, some of which is may be directly related to health, or others that could provide education or training to support health. For instance, people living in outer islands should have a health available in the island so that people can get early intervention. Thus, accessibility and equity to health service plays a huge role in shaping the health of people currently and also for future inhabitants as services are equally available to everyone regardless of age ,gender ,race ,language or functional capacity.

Thirdly ,another principle is appropriate technology which means “the right care provided to the right people by the provider ,in the right setting and using the most suitable and cost- effective technology” (Besner 2004: 352 ,McMurray & Clendon 2010). For example, ‘there is a technology to keep very small birth-weight infants alive. Similarly, appropriate technology is use to sustain very older and younger people’s life by providing very high technological medicine’ (McMurray & Clendon 2010). This principle guide to...

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