This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

2551 words - 11 pages

The Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

Primary Health Care simply means “essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stage of development in the spirit of self -reliance and self- determination” (WHO, 1978). This approach came after the Alma Ata conference in 1978 whose golden aim was “health for all by year 2000”. Initially, the old approach was public health which was concerned with curative measurements that is healing only ...view middle of the document...

People become empowered when there is believe in the ability to change. Empowered community change comes from within the community instead of choices directly by outsiders. The health professional provide a field of knowledge in communities so that people are empowered and as result will be health literate. For example, a settlement nurse enables community members to plan health services with the regional health authority and increased awareness of how community members could improve the health.
This helps people to make wise decision whereby there is achievement of good health and wellness since people have appropriate knowledge. Thus, “increased emphasis health promotion encompasses the development and management of preventative health care services that are responsive to community health needs” (Allender, Rector &Warner, 2010).

The second principle is accessibility “healthcare services must be equally shared by all the community irrespective of their race, creed or economic status” (www.labspace.open.ac). Accessible and equitable ensuring services are available according to need and are paid for according to capacity to pay. Responsive consumer focussed services that are needs-based and responsive to individual differences, cultural diversity and preference. There is greater focus on maintaining wellness, strengthening illness prevention and early intervention to maintain optimal health. Sustainable health services must be based on appropriate mode. Efficient through building on effective preventative approaches and providing seamless pathways that maximise continuity of patient care. There are certain barriers that decrease the chance of people from getting access to health and ill treatment services. This includes things such as unemployment, lack of information pertinent to good health, cultural and language difficulties. There are other factors such as environment; the geographical distance from service. For example, some of which is may be directly related to health, or others that could provide education or training to support health. For instance, people living in outer islands should have a health available in the island so that people can get early intervention. Thus, accessibility and equity to health service plays a huge role in shaping the health of people currently and also for future inhabitants as services are equally available to everyone regardless of age ,gender ,race ,language or functional capacity.

Thirdly ,another principle is appropriate technology which means “the right care provided to the right people by the provider ,in the right setting and using the most suitable and cost- effective technology” (Besner 2004: 352 ,McMurray & Clendon 2010). For example, ‘there is a technology to keep very small birth-weight infants alive. Similarly, appropriate technology is use to sustain very older and younger people’s life by providing very high technological medicine’ (McMurray & Clendon 2010). This principle guide to...

Find Another Essay On The Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

Contribution of primary care to health systems and health: Is it essential?

1985 words - 8 pages Contribution of primary care to health systems and health: Is it essential? Evidence of the health promoting power of primary care has increased ever since investigators have been able to differentiate primary care from other characteristics of the health services delivery system. Studies constantly show that primary care has a positive effect on health results. It reduces mortality and morbidity, and it is considerably more lucrative than

Merger and Acquisition: Proposed takeover by Primary Health Care of Symbion Health

3455 words - 14 pages Executive Summary________________________________________________________________________The following report is prepared for Primary Health Care to assess the current proposed takeover of Symbion Health. Both companies occupy substantial positions within their own medical sectors.This report analyses the tangible and intangible assets of the separate entities and highlights the positive synergies that will arise to complement and expand pre

Primary Health Care in Australia

2127 words - 9 pages and control of chronic diseases and availing essential drugs to all those affected. Where these key approaches of PHC are adequately implemented and sustained, they promise to conduce the strengthening of Australia’s health system. The concepts and approaches of PHC in form of values and principles of primary health care include equity and universal access to services, multi-sectorial action, as well as community participation. Their objective is

Primary Health Care: A New Approach to Health Care

2171 words - 9 pages community development. Participation can be in the area of identification of needs or during implementation. Components of Primary Health Care There are many components of primary health care and which are linked to the principles of the primary health care. To begin with, the first component is health education. Health Promotion is the process of helping people to adopt healthier patterns of behavior. Moving on, clean water and sanitation

Evaluaton of Ethical Theories and/or Principles and their Application in Critical Health and/or Social Care Setting

1922 words - 8 pages Evaluation of Ethical Theories and/or Principles and their Application in Critical Health and/or Social Care Setting By Your Name Unit/Subject Name and Code Instructor’s Name Institution’s Name Department Name Date Introduction An Acute and critical clinical scenario involving life threatening conditions that requires high degree of accuracy with a very small allowable error margin calls for a quick judgement and response from

NRSRN 2001: "In order to improve health in the primary care setting you need to work collaboratively with others"

2366 words - 9 pages as well as in a team context.The theme of promoting collaborative working between social and health care is high on political agendas. In 1997 the DoH stated that the National Health Service (NHS) needed to be modernised in order to meet patient's aspirations for up-to-date, quicker, more responsive services. To illustrate this; one of the core principles in The NHS Plan (2000) states that 'The NHS will work together with others to ensure a

The Primary Care Physician Shortage and the Affordable Care Act

2061 words - 9 pages , what these transformations are and how they will affect the healthcare system, specifically primary care physicians are uncertain. Primary care physicians are the cornerstones for patients in the health care system. They act as a liaison between families and specialist physicians. Primary care physicians provide a variety of patient care services that involve multiple skill sets. They are in charge of diagnosing the patient and managing the plan

Health and fitness related components

1479 words - 6 pages Health and fitness related components Fitness plays a small though significant part in the success of a cricketer. There are several components of fitness that are important for success for all players. To be a successful member for a team one needs to be healthy. A state of complete mental, physical and social well-being is considered as being healthy. Mental health can be observed as the ability to concentrate on a

Decisions and the components of critical thinking

1066 words - 4 pages she knew how important they are to us.The following are 8 components of the critical thinking process and what kind of role each one played in my husband and me deciding to have a child:PerceptionPerception is defined in the Webster's New World Dictionary as, "the understanding, knowledge, etc. gotten by perceiving, or a specific idea, concept, impression, etc. so formed" (p.1068). Perception played a key role in the decision to have a child. My

The Pros and Cons of Universal and Private Health Care

1097 words - 5 pages million without it” (Sicko). The damage that we can see this causes is that “18 million people will die every year simply because they do not have healthcare insurance” (Sicko). Some advantages to this type of health care include things such as; “waiting times on the NHS have improved to a maximum of 18 weeks between referral and treatment, you won't have to wait this long for private treatment, You get a peace of mind: if the worst happens, your

Military Health Care Policy: The Success of Military Health Care

1869 words - 7 pages . TRICARE’s purpose was to also facilitate members with access to better health care. This program offers primary, secondary, and tertiary care to its beneficiaries. TRICARE is the largest single provider of any form of managed health care in the United States; being the largest provider does not come without changes and upheavals since CHAMPUS was converted into TRICARE (Brown et al, 2009). In 1993, the CHAMPUS program had a demonstration project

Similar Essays

Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

2242 words - 9 pages Principles and Components of Primary Health Care According to World Health Organization (1978), primary health care is defined as a universally accessible health care that is socially acceptable, affordable and requires individuals to be more self-reliant with their health care needs. Primary health care has many goals, but the most important is introducing the importance of self-reliance to individuals. The main objective of primary health care

Primary Health Care And Health Promotion

834 words - 4 pages & Clendon, 2011). The three main principles regarding Primary Health Care are empowerment, equity and social justice. Equity implies fairness, social justice is the promise to equity and empowerment refers to the process of allowing individuals and communities to participate in a way that enhances their lives and attains social justice (Talbot & Verrinder, 2014). Along with the empowerment, equity and social justice, various criterions for health

Primary Health Care Essay

2165 words - 9 pages and further distribution of these outcomes among the individuals of the community (Kindig and Stoddart, 2003). Primary health care and population health overlap and complement each other because primary health care builds the fundamental infrastructure of the national health care system (WHO, 1978), so other aspects of national health care are built upon the principles, organisation, and functions defined in the country's primary health care

Skills Of A Primary Health Care Manager

4311 words - 17 pages managerial skills are described that are based on the PHC principles, drawing support from the relevant literature. To approach this paper, the author try to triangulates the theory, skills and practices in the context of PHC management.1.0-INTRODUCTION:The term primary health care (PHC) is commonly interchanged with primary care (Wass, 2000; Swerissen 2000) as if their philosophies and practices were the same. Similarly, the term health promotion