The Pro Choice Social Movement Essay

1019 words - 4 pages

Social movements are an enduring force throughout history. Even today we face choices of whether to align ourselves with movements that build towards more freedom or more control. Abortion is one of the most controversial and hotly debated topics of this day and age. The reason for this surrounds the idea of whether the induced expulsion of the fetus is murder or rather in the interest of the mother. Pro-life activists debate that all life in the instant of its conception is innocent and deserves a chance at life. God chooses its time of life and death, not the mother. Pro-choice followers often argue in favor of science and the United States Constitutional Ninth Amendment, which holds freedom of choice sacred.The Pro-choice movement is a multi-faceted movement that is for resisting change of the Pro life movement. Unlike other social movements, the Pro-Choice movement has maintained its power even after apparent victory was achieved. Due to this, the abortion argument continues today and will probably continue into this century and beyond. The emergence of the Pro-Choice movement did not occur via the usual social movement routes. Most social movements emerge from within established institutions, with support from elites, or with origins that involved professional movement organizers. The early Pro-Choice movement, however, emerged as a collection of concerned physicians and professionals who wanted to help legalize abortion and keep it safe. In the 1950s and 1960s several published articles appeared that suggested needed reforms to the abortion laws and this began public attention on this issue. Later this led into Roe vs. Wade, the supreme court case that made it clear that you have the choice to have an abortion or not.The participants for this kind of movement are people of all race and class, abortion as an option for women affects everyone. Even if the woman is the only one having an abortion, it still has an impact on the relationship between the woman and whoever she is with. Men are affected by abortion in that it is an option even if it is one that is a heavy moral decision. Men are generally beneficiaries to the pro-choice movement, leaning a little toward being free riders. The reason I say leaning toward free riding is that even though they don't have to bear any burden physically they still have help with the decision morally. Women are adherents to the pro-choice movement. They directly benefit from the freedom to choose whether to have an abortion or not. Although if they do choose to have an abortion they have to shoulder the physical burden of it. The interesting thing about the pro-choice movement is that both Men and Women of all races and class can be antagonists too. The movement is based on something every gender, race and class has to deal with, that being parenting. As antagonists they are a counter movement force, trying to outlaw the freedom of choosing whether or not to have an...

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