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The Problems Of Cloning Essay

1087 words - 5 pages

A cloned ewe, born after the famous cloned sheep named Dolly, died after a few weeks due to underdeveloped lungs. Both were cloned by the same group at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh. The first mammalian cloning was produced by embryonic nuclear transfer and was conducted in 1983 (“Timeline”). In fact, the Basic Science Partnership at Harvard Medical School states that actual cloning of animals can dates back to the 1960’s. Cloning is achieved by taking stem cells from an embryo and influences it by releasing chemicals that manipulate the cell into turning into a certain tissue. This in return, produces an artificially created life form. Some believe that cloning could provide agricultural and medical benefits. Although cloning could be used for agricultural and medical purposes, it should be banned because it harms more than it helps.
Cloning is unethical because cloning of any kind goes against human dignity and morals, and in turn harms animals and plants. Cloning would ultimately, “take the humanity out of human reproduction” (Kontrovoch 29). According to E.V. Kontrovoch, author of “Human Cloning is Inherently Unethical”, cloning would lead to kids in an orphanage to overflow because of the lack of adoption taking place due to couples wanting to clone instead (29). Kontrovoch also states life would be seen as worthless because there would always be the option to replace a life that was lost (29). The ability to make copies of a living or once-living organism would slowly make life less appreciated. Not only would the value of life become the equivalence of ink in a printer, but it would also hurt the “naturally born” humans and animals that, instead of being adopted, are being turned away from a family that would have cared for them. Instead, the family has opted with the coping of another life-form, which is not worth pursuing as it harms more than it helps. However, this is not even the worst of this method of “reproduction”. National Human Genome Research Institute addresses that in order to get stem cells to have DNA for the cloning process, “an embryo must be destroyed in a test tube”. This would involve the killing of plant and animal, including human, embryos (National). The method of obtaining DNA would also be, “infringing upon principles of individual freedom, identity, and autonomy” (National). Taking stem cells from an embryo would, in result, end its further development. In other words, scientists would be killing a human in order to make a copy of another human which would go against the morals of humans and would cause more damage to the value of life and to developing lives. Henceforth, cloning would be unethical, against human dignity, and would further harm more than it would help living plants and animals.
Besides going against human morals, cloning is very expensive because it requires expensive technology and research making it harmful to the nation that need the money. According to Learn Genetics from the...

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