The Process Of Decision Making Essay

1250 words - 5 pages

Organizational behavior helps managers to improve the organization in a good way. Decision making process is the one of the behavior in human organizational behavior. According to McShane and Von Glinow (2000), “decision making a conscious process of making choices among one or more alternatives with the intention of moving toward some desired state of affairs”. Decision making is a linear process and it includes six steps such as identifying the problems, gather and evaluate data, list and evaluate alternatives, select best action, implement the decision and getter feedback (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1).

First step in decision making process is identifying the problems. As McShane and Von Glinow (2000) stated, a problem can be defined as abnormality in present and preferred situation that happen in an organization. The actual process of decision making starts from problem identification. Questions should be asked in order to find a best solution (Prasad, 2008). If there is an inconsistency between the objectives and real situation, there will a need for action. Reliable information is very crucial in this step whereas wrong information will lead to unnecessary decisions in an organization as stated by Griffin and Moorhead (2010). For an example, the organization members should consider doing a need analysis to identify the difference between desired and actual achievements according to their current situation. When a manager diagnose and analyze the problems carefully, a problem can be identified obviously. When individual or the organization make a decision, there is important to take note more irretrievable the solution once appliance; they more concern about the real decision. In addition, the company more do analytical to making a choice by a decision taker as mentioned by Stroh, Northcraf and Neale (2002). An advantage of identify the problem can reduce the time if managers find the problem from a first stage particularly in lower quality of worker participation (Dubrin 2002).

The second stage of decision making process is gathering and evaluating data. As stated by Prasad (2008), the managers should identify the different choices available in order to get most acceptable outcome of a decision. From searching different alternatives the managers can evade blocks in operations as choices are suitable if a particular idea goes wrong. Khanka (2000) expresses the view that selections can developed from in many ways such as can get from sources like experience, do training other organizations, and take others ideas and suggestions related in problems. Furthermore to improve alternatives solution the managers may investigation the signs of a problem for clues or fall back on intuition or result that stated by Griffin and Moorhead (2010). For an example in marketing department a non-programmed decision is compulsory the manager have to produce alternatives for raise market share. As McShane and Von Glinow (2000) pointed out that in a...

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