What is hostage negotiation?
Hostage negotiation can be defined as “a negotiation between law enforcement agencies, diplomatic or other government representatives for the release of persons held hostage against their will by criminal, terrorist or other elements” (www.negotiations.com). When hostages are taking, it puts the lives of the hostages, police officers, and people who are around the vicinity of the incident into danger. It can also be harmful in the aspect of being both emotional and psychological. Dwayne Fuselier who is associated with the Special Operations and Research Unit of the FBI Academy states that most articles give three or four types of hostage takers. These types are the crimina, the political activist or terrorist, the mentally disturbed person and the prisoner.
You are a police psychologist for a major metropolitan area. You are also a member of its hostage negotiation team. You have been called to a crisis incident at 3:15 p.m. on a Friday. It is in a residential area about three blocks from a middle school and a public library. The information you have at this time is that the subject is a 42-year-old male who is holed up in his house with his wife, son, and a family friend. He has murdered his next-door neighbor and is threatening to kill those in the house if his demands are not met. One of his demands is for immunity from the murder charge if he surrenders without harming any of the people in the house. His other demands are a case of beer and some fast food soon. He wants his demands met or "something will happen".
Explain the type of incident:
Every situation should be resolved without injury to the victims, bystanders, officials and to even the hostage taker. The use of excessive force should only be used as an option when there is no other way in order to achieve a safe release. In this incident the 42- year old man has already murdered his neighbor, so he is capable of committing a killing again. In addition, the area of the incident consists of a middle school and public library putting those in danger also this scenario can be a high-level crisis class, which must be handled with great care with caution to ensure safety of all involved.
Which category this hostage-taker falls into:
Since there are three to four, different types of hostage takers this particular scenario would fall into the category of a mentally disturbed person who may also have substance abuse since a case of beer was one of his demands. Maher (1977) considered the mentally disturbed hostage taker the hardest to handle and poses as a greater threat. A mentally disturbed person takes hostages for many different reasons. This hostage taker can also fall into the category of the criminal hostage taker. We know that the male committed a crime of murdering his next-door neighbor, majorities of criminal hostage takers are trying to escape a crime they have committed in this case the murder. By taking his wife, son and...