This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Proliferation Of Nuclear Weapons Essay

1524 words - 6 pages

The emergence of nuclear weapons was brought about by distrust amongst states, following progress in nuclear research into uranium fission. Fearing that Germany would create a nuclear weapon first, the United States employed vast resources into nuclear research and developing the first nuclear weapon. The Soviet Union followed by testing its first atomic bomb in 1949, thereby beginning a nuclear arms race amongst countries that continues to the present day.
The official nuclear countries, Russia, France, United States, United Kingdom and China have shown no plans of giving up their nuclear weapons, fueling proliferation by non-nuclear states. Although numerous non-nuclear countries have sought nuclear weapons, few are known to have succeeded. Those with nuclear weapons programs include India, Israel, North Korea, and Pakistan.
There are fears that other countries such as Iran, South Korea, Taiwan, Syria, as well as Libya may be actively seeking nuclear weapons, or may decide to do so in the future. Reasons for seeking nuclear weapons vary from country to country, but the key reason remains national security. Other countries are driven by the need for prestige associated with owning nuclear weapons. In volatile regions such as the Middle East, countries seeking nuclear weapons are mainly driven by the need to balance power with neighboring countries, in order to avoid attacks.
The search for nuclear weapons is often shrouded in secrecy, therefore making it difficult to know just how many countries are doing so. Some countries such as South Africa and Iraq have ended their nuclear programs, but even this was done in a veil of secrecy that makes it difficult to determine an inventory of nuclear weapons in the world.
Motivations for Seeking Nuclear Weapons
There are varied reasons as to why states seek nuclear weapons, but the principal reason remains security threats presented by other countries, as well as by the official nuclear states. In ‘The Clash of Civilizations’ Samuel Huntington argues that states will continue to be at loggerheads as they compete for military and economic power, and control over international institutions. Religion has also been a source of conflict between states and civilizations, as some states seek to impose their religious values on others.
These sources of conflict have led to fear by states that the security of nations could be compromised at any time. This is more so in regions with a poor security record, such as the Middle East. Fear creates a need to enhance security, and many countries have opted to go nuclear so as to accomplish this task. A good example is in Pakistan, a country that came to be following it’s secession from India under religious guise. Pakistan has been engaged in confrontations with India which have led to wars in the past.
The country chose to seek nuclear weapons to protect itself from the threat it felt came from India’s larger military capabilities. Being a...

Find Another Essay On The Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Chinese Violation of the United Nations Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

1056 words - 4 pages . This threat works in a much vaster environment, and shrouds itself in cloaks of secrecy and deception – China. Although the Chinese tend to evade the mass media frenzy that constantly reports on foreign threats, their underrated affairs are nothing less than lethal. Perhaps the most disturbing aspect of the People’s Republic remains to be their nuclear incubation programs – a violation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of the United Nations

Controling the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

919 words - 4 pages eliminate nuclear weapons elsewhere. Treaties such as the Non-Proliferation Treaty, the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaties I and II, and the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty were some of the first major building blocks of the arms control and disarmament regime, particularly concerning nuclear proliferation. This regime was initially put in place by the world’s major powers as an effort to maintain the status quo and have only 5 countries with

The Constant Threat of Nuclear Weapons

1191 words - 5 pages independent judge on global matters. One of their line of efforts is building a safer and more secure world with an object of revitalizing the global disarmament and non-proliferation agenda. However, there are many states convinced that having nuclear weapons is the only way to be a global power and/or protect against it. The desire of some governments to pursue nuclear power has been economically draining and placed many of their people into poverty

The Causes And Effects Of Nuclear Weapons

1738 words - 7 pages started to develop nuclear capabilities. The United States didn't dare to enter North Vietnam in fear that the Chinese would lash out with a billion person potential army. During the height of the Vietnam War the US, the USSR, and the UK ratified the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (Gold 91). It stated that nations possessing nuclear weapons would not lend technology to other nations not possessing nuclear capabilities. "By 1971 sixty-six

Disarmament of Nuclear Weapons

1387 words - 6 pages reasons why these devices should all be deactivated. he said "the nuclear weapons states have made solemn promises to the international community to negotiate in good faith to achieve nuclear disarmament. Each of the nuclear weapons states accepted this obligation when it signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), and extended this promise at the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference." However, the leaders would only eliminate their weapons if

The Danger of Nuclear Weapons v. The Necessity of Nuclear Weapons

948 words - 4 pages distribution of nuclear weapons, nuclear technology and information to states not acknowledged as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons. In my opinion when a country develops nuclear weapons everything becomes heightened, the economy, military, and you could even say paranoia is also heighten .With this continuous endeavor for nuclear proliferation countries began to fall into the security dilemma. The security

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Within the International Arena

1825 words - 7 pages Nuclear Non-Proliferation within the International Arena: An assessment on major solutions from both a realist and liberal perspective As defined by Christoph Bluth from the Political Studies Association, the proliferation of nuclear weapons is “widely perceived by political leaders as one of the major problems of global security in the contemporary era” (Bluth, 2012). This is clear by the catalog of concern and actions taken by governments

A Proposal for the International Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

1729 words - 7 pages -Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which accepted Russia, the United States of America (USA), France, China, and Britain as nuclear powers. From that time, several other countries have had nuclear weapons like India, Israel, North Korea, and Pakistan. In 1991, Iraq’s potential for nuclear weapons was destroyed through the USA military force. It is possible that Iran has the capability of developing nuclear weapons which may continue the race for arms. The

A History of Nuclear Weapons

1404 words - 6 pages . and Soviet Union produce new nuclear weapons. Hardly a year later came the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, or NPT, that limited the spread of nuclear weapons by keeping an eye on all other countries that hoped to create nuclear weapons. These treaties helped for some years until the late 70’s when both sides continued to produce nuclear weapons at an increased rate. (“Nuclear Warfare”) In the June of 1979 Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev signed

The Impact of Limiting Nuclear Weapons during The Cold War

1846 words - 7 pages What was the Effect of Limiting Nuclear Weapons during The Cold War? A. Plan of Investigation The investigation assesses the effect of limiting nuclear weapons during the Cold War. In order to evaluate its significance, the investigation evaluates the role of Détente and the Strategic Arms Limitation Talk during the Cold War. These causes are investigated by the SALT process, Strategic Defense Initiative, the role of Détente policy and

Nayarit Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons

1600 words - 6 pages deliberations on nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation, as well as a relevant issue in the 21st century global security agenda. The Nayarit conference was the second to be held on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons. In March 2013, Norway hosted the first conference on this subject. On 13 February 2014 morning, on the first day of the Nayarit conference, the government of Austria announced that it would host a third conference

Similar Essays

The Threat Of Nuclear Proliferation Essay

1253 words - 5 pages ,” (Baylis-Smith, p. 422). However, in the case of the terrorist, he is not deterred by any threat of retaliation. The conventional “strategic motivation” behind nuclear proliferation was that “acquisition [of nuclear weapons] was the deterrence of other nuclear weapons-capable states,” (Baylis-Smith, p. 423). On the contrary, I can only imagine a terrorist group devoting the necessary resources to the process of obtaining a nuclear device in order to

The Nuclear Club: Ethics Of Nuclear Proliferation

3011 words - 12 pages , conventional and nuclear, if the opposing state has the capability to strike with nuclear weapons and thus destroy the opponent and vice versa. Unfortunately this notion is not applicable in today's geopolitical system due to changes in types of principal actors present. Principal actors in international relations have always been states which have been recognized in the United Nations or by other states independently. The terrorist attacks on

The Danger Of Nuclear Weapons Essay

762 words - 4 pages Nuclear weapons are the "most dangerous weapons on earth (2)." A bomb made back in the 1940s could destroy whole cities and leave behind deadly radiation. As technology has progressed, so has the destructive power of these bombs. Just in the 1960s, the Soviet Union had developed and tested a bomb that was well over 3,000 times as powerful as the Bombs in the '40s, and it would have caused third-degree burns to people standing over 60 miles

The Horror Of Nuclear Weapons Essay

1184 words - 5 pages time- Nuclear weapons. In the movie, he represents pure evil, destroying everything in his path. He is, however, only a product of mankind, and cannot help that fact. What drew the great beast from the ocean depths? Godzilla was created by H-Bomb testing at Bikini Atoll, 1954. The director of the film was inspired after the radioactive fallout from the test scorched a Japanese fishing vessel, The Lucky Dragon, with deadly effects. They were