The Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing

1470 words - 6 pages

The argument as to whether or not animal testing should be done has been going on for decades. Medical laboratories and shelters are common places where most animals are tested. Animals are typically used because they are cheap and easily obtainable. Some believe that the usage of animals is morally and ethically wrong because animals are still considered thinking and breathing living things. Others believe that because they are not human, that they can do whatever they want with them. The implementation of laws has also been in discussion to avoid inhumane treatment of animals.
Animal testing as well as the argument as to if it should be done for the purpose of medical research has been around for centuries. The first recorded account dates back to Aristotle who was the first to notice internal differences of animals. During his work, Aristotle believed that humans were typically the superior race (Blazina, Boyra & Shen-Miller, 2007). This is a belief known as anthropocentrism. This belief is still around today and is the main cause of the debate as to whether animal ethics are important when it comes to animal research. Animals are used mainly for the testing of drugs, vaccines, and other medical reasons to determine the safety of the product (U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 2010). Scientists who use animals want to see the effect it has on the animal, such as the time it takes for a drug to be absorbed in the body, how it’s broken down chemically, to the damage it can cause to the body. Because of the controversies surrounding animal research, there are many organizations who are in works to develop ways to reduce but not necessarily eliminate the need for animal testing.
Animal research has always been controversial regardless of how it has played a major role in the answering a majority of medical questions. Many groups agree with the fact that because of animal testing, new medicines and other medical treatments have become readily available. But it is argued that the testing on animals is cruel for the fact that they are living and breathing beings who are unable to give consent to the work that is being done upon them (Murnaghan, 2013). Others argue that the medical tests done on animals is to better aid the human race so it is a valid form of research. Governments are stepping in to determine what is being done to decide what exactly can be done to these animals and how far can researchers go in types of testing, the number of animals to be used and the way animals are cared for during the research.
A large group who are in favor of animal testing being an acceptable form of research, are those involved in scientific communities. Plenty of medical breakthroughs have come from the testing of animals and they believe that should be the motive to continue testing. Those who agree with animal testing argue that the prevention of potential disasters is far greater than the lives of animals. Simply because they believe that human lives...

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