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The Pros And Cons Of Deep Sea Mining

835 words - 4 pages

The most beneficial place to set our deep sea mining site is directly off the sea of PNG in the Bismarck Sea because there are ports and docks to ship the minerals to and from. We are running out! We have no time, no option, and no choice. The world’s population is increasing by 228 000 each day. We have around 14 500 days left so only 40 years till the end of oil, 165 years of gas left and 415 years left of coal. We are using these minerals at a phenomenal rate. We need to start to deep sea mine off the coast of PNG. We need state of the art technology, structures and materials, one mistake can be the destruction of an entire habitat.
Recently in the Bismarck Sea there have been ...view middle of the document...

Being the world’s first deep sea mining project will increase the wealth for the country and publicity which will put this in the centre of the world’s eye. The site will boost the PNG economy and business by providing many employment opportunities across the globe and members of the local community.
Part B
Also being so rich in metal, the volcanic hydrothermal deposits which include the sites to mine the sea, it is home to some of the most unique eco-systems. Deep sea mining could be the cause of the destruction of the cradle of life on Earth. The mine site in PNG is going to remove the top of the ocean layer which will be 20-30m off the seabed at an approximate of 1 500m and will lift up to the surface before being transferred to on land sites. It will be disrupting the coastline ecology directly, the materials washing onto shore will harm the ecology of the animals on the land.

More than 1 million square kilometres of the sea below 200 metres in depth are being ploughed by trawlers, according to estimates, and the next decade will see expansion of oil, gas and mineral extraction into deeper water. At risk are ecosystems that contribute to the health and productivity of the ocean, that challenge our ideas of the extremes at which life can exist (such as hydrothermal vents), and that are habitats and nurseries for fisheries (seamounts, for...

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