Many circumstances oblige people to move from their native country to a foreign one. From this movement of migration have emerged many ethnic groups. An ethnic group is a restraint number of persons living in a larger society and sharing the same distinct cultural heritage. Some people tend to bury their habits and accommodate to the new way of life. However others hold on to their identity and try to identify their race and maintain it. This enriches societies and makes them multi-racial. Therefore, every ethnic group is essential to complete the mosaic. Although they are sometimes threatened, minorities must fight to preserve their principles. Why must they fight? Because racial identification has many positive impacts on the members. But it’s undeniable that this way is invaded by dangers. After evoking the positive and negative aspects of ethnic identification, we will suggest some solutions to overcome the problems.
In a multi-ethnic society, diversity is a sign of richness. Conflicts don’t arise from differences. They are somehow caused by intolerance. Therefore, if everyone respects the other and the majority gets along with minorities, they can cohabit peacefully and be a good example for the rest of the world. For example, China considers that all ethnic groups are equal and try to guarantee their rights. There are 55 ethnic groups living there in harmony.
Cons in part, minorities cooperate with the government by developing their own social system. These distinct institutions are integrated in the larger system and help people express themselves. That’s how ethnic groups satisfy themselves legally without bothering the society.
Moreover, research conducted over the last 15 years has confirmed the importance of ethnic identity for the psychological well-being of ethnic and racial minorities (Phinney & Kohatsu, 1994). In fact, the higher is the level of racial self-esteem, the higher becomes the level of personal self-esteem. Adolescents in particular need to feel that the society accepts them as they are with their distinct identity. They can’t be comfortable nor have a good attitude unless they find that their race is taken into consideration. Moral comfort confers to ethnic youth purpose and impetus. They work hard to achieve their goals and reach their ambitions. Not to mention that minorities occupy the same area and support each other. They exploit different resources and contribute to the economical development. The best example is the Armenians in Lebanon. They have ritualized their history by transmitting their food habits and their mother tongue.
In addition, individuals identify clearly with the heritage of the group through religious...