The Pros And Cons Of Hydraulic Fracturing

996 words - 4 pages

For the past couple of years, recent advancements in drilling technology has

expanded the number of wells that previously considered to be too costly. Using the new

technology, the oil companies have created a new method of drilling called hydraulic

fracturing. Otherwise known as fracking. This new method of drilling is being used not

only in the United States, but also in other parts of the world. It also has one of the

highest potential to help generate money for our economy to turn it back around. But as

the old adage goes, “There’s no such thing as a free lunch”, fracking does come with its

own price. And it is the objective for this paper to present both sides of fracking in ...view middle of the document...


To get the picture of how much water this is, it's equivalents water usage of around 40 to

80 cities that have a population of 50,000 (Hydraulic Fracturing n.d.). Now this isn’t a

problem the amount of water they use, it is the efficiency that is in question.

To explain, although this method of drilling has only been around for about half a

century, it is not an excuse of the amount of water that companies are being allowed to

waste. As stated earlier, the amount of water used in these drilling projects annual ranges

in the billions of gallons(Hydraulic Fracturing n.d.). Hydraulic Fracturing (n.d.) also

mentions that depending on the type of well the amount of water that will be used at that

site will vary. These ranges are from 50,000 to 350,000 gallons of water for coal bed

methane wells and from 2 to 10 million gallons of water for well for horizontal shale

wells. In fact, a report from the EPA which contained studies, information gathered by

the oil and gas industry, and conversations with managers, reported that from anyway of

20 to 85 percent of fracking fluids remain in the ground (Hydraulic Fracturing n.d.). On a

smaller scale these projections might be excusable, but with the amount we’re dealing

with, not to mention the precious material that is being used, the amount being left in the

ground is inexcusable. Surely there is has to way to reduce the amount of water left

behind or level the amount of water to moderate levels. Because not only the amount of

the type of water they are using is only 3 percent of total amount of water on Earth, only

about .1 percent we can actually use, but it also because of what they add into the fluid.

That is to say, the chemicals found in the fluid that is used and left...

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