This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Pros And Cons Of Marxism

2146 words - 9 pages

The ideology of Marxism, established by German philosopher Karl Marx, is a collectively known set of assumptions of a political ideology, which focuses especially on analysis of materialist interpretation of historical development, or on class struggle within the society. The primarily approach of Marxism, nonetheless, was the critique of capitalism. The strength of his inquiry lies in belief of inevitable shift from capitalism and he aims to advocate the new form of ideology and economy, the socialism. The title of this essay is provocative as in today´s world, there exist many proponents who claim, the core of Marx conception of ideology is still relevant in the 21st globalised world. However, Marxism is relevant to the extent to which is it important to examine every political and economic conception, moreover if we are able to perceive its outcomes after the concepts has been practically applied. This paper is intended to assess key ideas of Marxism with observations of positives and negatives it brought and the reasons why the concepts failed.
The word “communism” is generally linked with “Marxism”. Since Marx along with Friedrich Engels published the cutting-edge thesis, The Communist Manifesto in the middle of the 19th century, it conceived the new dimension for both politics and economics. Before turning to the principles of the Manifesto, it is useful to present the brief historical background of the era, and understand why it affected the ideology. Predominantly the Industrial Revolution (IR) and the Great Revolution in France (FR) transformed the society as follows; creation of conditions for capitalism by destroying feudalism. Period between 1820 -1840 marks the beginning of the IR, which altered the whole meantime society. Essential for this period was the great amount of inventions, mostly shift from the hand production to machines which consequently had not so positive impact upon workers, who were uprooted from their traditional environments and condemned to work on lower wages, which therefore causes class struggle. Manifesto deals with "Bourgeois and Proletarians", where he is asserting that bourgeois is constantly trying to maximize its profit by exploiting proletarians and their manual labour. Marx and Engels claim “The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggle”. At this point it is almost certain, why IR influenced Marx as much as he came up with idea of socialism and yet, of communism. Secondarily, the (FR) in France from 1789 to 1799 was another radical and political event in the worldwide history. Marx and Engels based their analysis of the FR, as a series of class struggle. Both concluded, that in society of material inequality it is impossible to reach an actual freedom, considering the slogans of IR “Liberty, Equality and Fraternality”, if the society is divided into exploiters and exploited, meaning Bourgeoisie and Proletariat. This observation was vital to Marx´s concept.
The...

Find Another Essay On The Pros and Cons of Marxism

The Pros and Cons of Social Media

1082 words - 5 pages , and take advantage of others (The Pros and Cons). Additionally, there are a large number of children being harassed and stalked by online predators. “They target both boys and girls of all ages and use the anonymity of the internet to their advantage, since they can be whoever they want. Many are master manipulators with skills that can cripple any child’s sense of awareness (The facts About Online Predators).” Lastly, less face-to-face

The Pros and Cons of Imperialism

531 words - 2 pages hand, the new imperialism was the period between the years “1870-1914”, where Europe became more focused on expanding their land into Asia and Africa. Imperialism had many pros and cons. In addition, it also had many causes led by the feeling of nationalism. Several significant causes led to the rise of imperialism in Europe. Economy played a role in the rise. For instance, many nations demanded more natural resource that they did not have on

Pros and cons of the promotional mix

972 words - 4 pages which is advertising, personnel selling, sales promotion and public relations tools. No matter how good a strategy or a plan is perform; advantage and disadvantage are surely to exist. The main purpose of conducting this literature review is to precisely identify the advantages and disadvantages of the four elements. One of the most popular promotional elements that company usually us is the advertising, but before we look into the pros and cons

The Pros and Cons of Gay Marriage

1346 words - 5 pages part in the gay marriage legalization process. Same-sex marriage is a major controversial issue in the United States; specific examples would be the views of Americans, pros and cons of same-sex marriage, and the reality of it in the United States. The views of Americans are extremely different from one another. The people of America have many different opinions about gay marriage. In 1996, 27 percent of United States citizens approved of

The pros and cons of immigration

1400 words - 6 pages American Society 2013/2014 Zuzana Ďuržová Mid-Term Essay - The pros and cons of immigration Immigration is the movement of people between countries. People are moving from their home country to search for better opportunities, career or education a chance for better life. People are looking for business opportunities, experience, or may have personal reasons such as family or marriage. If I we are talking about positive and negative aspects

The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering

820 words - 3 pages to create the perfect race, was dolly the sheep just a stepping stone to improved biological weapons. Genetic engineering seems to have the pros and cons, but the cons are basically assuming the worst or are being used for the destruction of mankind, rather than the saving of mankind. The reduction of the gene pool also seems to be a huge risk to take. If recessive genes are erased from an organism, then the gene pool will be reduced resulting

The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing

1348 words - 6 pages pressure to the educators and the students. The added pressure can cause health problems with the students or the educators. If health problem come from the stress of the tests it could negatively affect the student’s ability to learn (Pros and Cons, 2013). The test itself is a problem as well. The test is supposed to be unbiased based on the grade level but in most cases the test is not. As much as they try the people that produce the test may

The Pros and Cons of Capital Punishment

906 words - 4 pages The Pros and Cons of Capital Punishment Since the mid 1900’s, capital punishment has brought many individuals into many diverse view points throughout the years. Capital punishment is a way of punishing a convict by killing him or her because of the crime he or she committed. Capital punishment will always have its pros and cons. There are opponents who absolutely disagree with capital punishment. And then there are advocates who

Pros and Cons of the Industrial Revolution

1345 words - 6 pages been treated very poorly. Not only that the amount shillings they make, barely makes a difference for their family to survive. Urbanization has increased between the times of 1800’s and the 1850’s, as urbanization increase there is more numbers of population and many diseases. But the industrial revolution also had its pros, like for example the increase number of new technology. The Spinning Jenny which helps weaves and thread garnet together

Pros and Cons of the Washing Machine

1123 words - 4 pages more pros than cons or vice versa, but conducting research is always helpful when deciding. Washing machines have truly changed how many live their lives today. “Every year, everyday, the heavy work of the house wife becomes a little easier” ( Pantzar 11). Washing machines are one of the most popular household devices in many cases. Relieving labor, allowing more time, and customizing the washing machine are all amenities of the washing machine

The Pros and Cons of Free Music

1286 words - 5 pages of your and. Now it’s up to the record labels and artist to not be greedy and let the music be free. Works Cited Castle, Frank. Pros & Cons of Free Music. Article Alley. 10th January 2011. Web. 10th January 2014. Flores, Homer. Personal Interview. 20 January 2014. Oak, Manali. Pros & Cons of Downloading Music. Buzzle. 30th August 2008. Web. 10th January 2014. Rodriguez, Vivian. Personal Interview. 20 January 2014. Sanchez, Chenzo. Personal Interview. 20 January 2014.

Similar Essays

The Pros And Cons Of Functionalism And Marxism

2816 words - 11 pages The two theoretical approaches I have chosen to compare to the study of crime are Functionalism and Marxism. I have done so, as I believe both theories are important/ significant to the study of crime and differentiate from each other. I will do this by writing a critique the advantages and disadvantages of both of the theories and thus, resulting in my own personal opinion in the conclusion. Marxism derived from German philosophers Karl

Pros And Cons Of Marxism Essay

540 words - 3 pages Sociology Essay Marxism is a conflict theory established by Karl Marx. Marxists believe that the capitalist system is just a way in which the bourgeoisie control and exploit the proletariats, and focuses on the unequal conflict between these two sectors of society. Marxists believe that the capitalist system is criminogenic. Marxists see crime in the capitalist system as a ‘tool of the ruling class’ where they can control the working

The Pros And Cons Of The Internet

1219 words - 5 pages The computer has had a tremendous impact on society as we know it. It gives a voice to those who cannot speak and those who cannot breathe on their own receive mechanically computerized help. The computer has given us many wonderful things used for wonderful purposes, but there are vast ways in which these things have been misused by our people. One of these things is the internet and a common way it is misused is by way of plagiarism

The Pros And Cons Of Social Media

1719 words - 7 pages use of social media does not turn into social dysfunction. Works Cited Birnie, S. A. and Horvath, P. (2002), Psychological Predictors of Internet Social Communication. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. Carey, Dachary. "Online Social Networking Pros and Cons." Life123. Web. 16 Feb. 2014. . "Conformity: The