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The Success Of The Bolshevik Revolution In 1917

4086 words - 16 pages

The Success of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917

Part 1

Karl Marks was not Russian and he died 34 years before the Russian
revolution, he was a German who spent most his life in England. He
worked as a journalist but wrote books on history, religion,
economics, society, and philosophy. Marx hated the system of
capitalism because he thought that it was capitalism that had produced
the problems of industry, poor living conditions and the social gap of
the rich and poor. He thought that the system destroyed people and
made them greedy and that people only wanted something if it was worth
money. Karl Marx realised that there was not enough money to make
everyone rich but he did thin k the world would be better if society
was turned on its head and started again. He had a list of ideas and
together they are called communism, meaning that everything is owned
in common. The lists of ideas are:

• As there is not enough of everything to go around, everyone should
be given just what they need rather than what they wanted.

• People should be taught to share things together rather than keep
things for themselves, no-one should have any possessions.

• If everything is shared then there can be no theft. There will be no
need for policeman.

There would be many problems creating this perfect world. Karl Marx
had three solutions on how this could be done. His first solution of
was of a violent revolution which would be needed to change society
for the better. The workers would run the government until communism
could be achieved. This in-between government would be called
socialism. The second solution was that people are made greedy by the
capitalist system. Once capitalism had been destroyed by the
revolution, people will stop being greedy and start trusting each
other again. His third and final solution was if people are working
for the good of everyone else then there will be no problems and
everyone will trust each other. These are Karl Marx’s views and how
they could be achieved.

Vladimir Ilch Ulyanov, also known as Lenin which was a secret
codename he had adapted so he could not be caught by the government on
plots to overthrow them, was brought up in a well educated middle
class home and he was the third out of six children. He left school
first in his class and looked to become a scholar. He looked set to
become a well educated and mature young man at the age of sixteen but
things were soon to change. As a teenager he took two harsh blows
which led him on to become a revolutionist. The first was of his
fathers death when he was threatened with early retirement because of
the government’s fear of public school education and had soon died
after. The second was the death of his eldest brother; he had been
hanged for conspiring with a revolutionary terrorist group which...

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