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The Provisional Irish Republican Army (Ira)

2392 words - 10 pages

The Provisional Irish Republican Army

When one thinks of terrorism, the conflict in Israel or other Middle Eastern countries usually comes to mind. Although true to some extent there are many other groups in the world that fall under the category of Îterroristsâ. One of these groups is located in Europe, more specifically in Northern Ireland, and is commonly known as the IRA, or the Irish Republican Army. This group has been around for decades and has fought politically and militarily for the liberation of Ireland from the rule of Great Britain. To fully grasp and understand the Provisional Irish Republican Army (from now on in the paper the Provisional Irish Republican Army will be referred to as the IRA) and its cause, it is necessary to analyze the history, leadership and organization, tactics and strategies, and involvement with other terrorist groups This paper will focus on what is known as the Provoâs or the PIRA, which is the paramilitaristic side of the IRA, while not much will be focused on the politica!l sector of the IRA known as the Sinn Fein.

The Provisional Irish Republican Army wasnt officially formed until 1969, but can trace its origins back to the 19th century in a country across the Atlantic. The story is told that sometime in June 1866 a group of about 800 armed men, most members of a group known as the Fenian brotherhood, fought a battle along the Canadian border with some young militia men. This group of men waged the tiny battle while flying a banner with the letters IRA printed across it. The reasoning for this was the men had been told that they were fighting in an attempt to create a base of operations for the separation of Ireland from the rule of British, ultimately the goal was to anhilate Great Britain. The group failed and retreated back towards the U.S. border, and the term IRA did not appear for another 50 years in an Easter Rising in Dublin in 1916. A group of rebels led by a man named Patrick Pearse, seized the General Post Office and other public buildings, but this bloody conflict was quickly quelled. Despite the short-lived event, it awakened interest and support for the separation of Ireland from Britain. This uprising also produced the Proclamation of the Republic, which has been declared the founding document of the IRA. In 1921 treaty was signed that established the Irish Free State and two parliaments- one for the 26 southern counties and one for the six northern counties, or Northern Ireland. The treaty was accepted by the Dail, or the Irish Parliament, but was not accepted by the IRA, which had now accrued a membership of nearly 100,000 members. This rejection of the treaty led to the Irish Civil War that began in 1922 (3). The IRAâs position during the civil war was for the complete independence of Ireland from Britain (2). Once the war concluded the IRA ordered its Volunteers to discard their arms. Throughout the 1920âs the IRA reorganized and began attracting a wide following. In 1925 the IRA...

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