The Psychoanalytic Perspective On Infant Development

1774 words - 8 pages

Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, was the first to develop a theory of human development with a focus on unconscious processes and instincts. Freud believed unconscious conflicts in early childhood can determine who a person will be in adulthood. He also believed that the mind contains three parts known as the id, ego, and superego, which govern a person’s judgment (Frank, 2013). The id, which Freud believed to be present at birth, is viewed as the childlike part of the unconscious. It is pleasure seeking and represents a person’s wants, instincts, and drives. The ego, which is both conscious and unconscious, is the adult part of a person’s mind as well as the compromising component between the id and the supergo. It serves as a realistic divide between the id’s pleasure seeking principle and the superego’s idealist seeking principle. The superego can be viewed as the parent portion of the unconscious which suppresses the id’s desires and seeks perfection. The superego is also one of the only aspects of Freud’s theory that relates to the person having a strong influence from society. Freud’s mechanisms of the mind conflict with each other so that a person will be able to function ordinarily in society without being too narcissistic or too judgmental of oneself (McCleod, 2008). However, unresolved conflict in Freud’s stages may have a negative effect in a person’s adulthood.
Freud developed five psychosexual stages, ranging from birth to adolescence, in which a person’s libidinal drive is focused on his or her own body or sublimated onto something or someone else. If a person is unable to overcome a conflict present in each stage, it is believed that certain characteristics may arise in adulthood. In his first stage of development, the oral stage, the sexual energy is focused on the mouth and conflict arises from weaning the infant. Then in the anal stage, the focus is on the anus, and the conflict arises from potty training. The conflict in the phallic stage deals with the young child’s sexual feelings towards the opposite sex parent, in what Freud called “the Oedipus complex”. During the latency stage of development, a person’s energy is sublimated into activities such as school, sports, and friendships. Finally, in the genital stage the person reaches adolescence and sexual energy is focused onto others, and it is at this stage that all prior conflicts may once again arise (Maheshwari, 2013). Freud’s theory of the unconscious sparked an interest in a man named Carl Jung. He followed Freud to America, but later began his own theories on the mind.
Carl Jung was another major traditional psychoanalyst. Jung’s theory of the unconscious differs slightly than that of Freud’s in that he divided the unconscious into two parts; the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. The personal unconscious contains all of a person’s unconscious thoughts, ideas, and memories, including those that have been repressed. Jung believed the...

Find Another Essay On The Psychoanalytic Perspective on Infant Development

The Cycle of Creativity: A Psychoanalytic Perspective on Samuel T. Coleridge’s Kubla Khan

2357 words - 9 pages   In Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s poem “Kubla Khan”, the narrator offers a host of fantastic imagery relating to a fictional “pleasure dome” constructed by the Mongolian emperor Kublai Khan. Coleridge professed ignorance of the poem’s meaning, saying only that it was a fragmented memory of a dream, but an analysis of the symbolic imagery of the poem through the lens of psychoanalytic interpretation will show that the poem is a study of the nature

The Effect of Child Abuse on The Emotional Development of the Infant

1223 words - 5 pages The Effect of Child Abuse on the Emotional Development of the Infant to Five Years Old in the United States A Review of the Literature Child abuse is one of the most serious issues in the United States today. Child abuse is the physical, emotional/ psychological or sexual maltreatment of a minor. Neglecting a child is another type of abuse, and includes malnutrition, abandonment, and/or inadequate care of a child’s safety. Additionally, any

The Psychoanalytic Perspective In Relation To William Shakespeare's "Othello" - Iago

1440 words - 6 pages , 635). In Shakespeare's play, "The Tragedy of Othello," a critic might want to use the psychoanalytic approach to help understand Iago. In order to do so, one might look at the characters and their wants, needs and desires. On top of this, an in-depth look at the character relationships will help apply the psychoanalysis method onto the characters. The main goal of this approach is figure out why the characters are the way they are, and to also make

FETAL BRAIN DEVELOPMENT AND THE PRETERM INFANT

2033 words - 9 pages help fetal lungs to mature more quickly making the transition to air-breathing easier for the infant. Although these steroids increase survival rates among premature infants and decrease the likelihood of an infant having to be on a ventilator, some rather disturbing information has come to light regarding providing steroid treatments to infants after birth. According to research two steroid drugs used to help with lung development, hydrocortisone

Empirical Research on Infant Development and Eye Gazing

2004 words - 9 pages , the infant responds by smiling less and looking less at the adult. Therefore, it is shown the importance of eye gaze to an infant and that if this eye gaze is broken, it can have a negative effect on the infant. In conclusion, this research has provided a deeper understanding into the field of infant development. This study looked to see whether infants differentially process an adults’ eye gaze depending on directed or averted eye gaze from

Lead Toxicity: Its Effects on Fetal and Infant Development

2667 words - 11 pages Lead Toxicity: Its Effects on Fetal and Infant Development Lead toxicity has been an area of unending research in recent years. There have been positive and negative correlation’s relating its toxic effects to both child developmental deficiencies and adult regression problems. This review will focus on the problems associated with the children. It will discuss various routes of entry of lead into the child’s system, both prenatally and

The Relationship of Infant Attachment Patterns to Personality Development

1518 words - 6 pages PAGE PAGE 2 The Relationship of Infant Attachment Patterns to Personality DevelopmentPurposeFrom the previous study, personality development has five perspectives, they are temperament, psychoanalytic, attachment, self and observed behavior, and this study will only focus on attachment perspective. According to Ainsworth (1978, as cited in Cassidy, & Mohr, 2001)'s attachment finding, there are 3 types of attachment: 1) secure attachment; 2

Organizational Development from the Social Science Perspective

1107 words - 4 pages outcomes. Start thinking about the project you have in mind to discuss for your assessment. You can begin to analyse the different theories. What type relates to your project? Provide your reasons for identifying these theories that they relate to your project issues. This is a summary of organisational development from the social sciene perspective. I will go on now to summarise the systems theory perspective.

Infant States: The Development and Shifts in Sleep Patterns - Psychology 344, Thompson Rivers University - Assignment

2404 words - 10 pages Thompson rivers university – open learning Infant States: The Development and Shifts in Sleep Patterns Psych 344: Assignment 2 Julia Daria – Student # 100114222 8/30/2010 Abstract When Peter Wolff (1966) observed baby’s eye movements and muscle activity in his classic study, he distinguished seven states of arousal: non-rapid-eye-movement sleep (NREM), rapid-eye-movement sleep (REM), periodic sleep, drowsiness, alert inactivity, active alert

CSR with Focus on the Employee Perspective

8553 words - 34 pages and core values in response toemerging issues from within the organisation while other companies have takenon CSR initiatives in response to consumer activism, government interventionand demands from investors (Gillis & Spring, 2001). Hence, there are differentpressures, internal and external, leading companies to integrate CSR in theirCSR with Focus on the Employee Perspective Introduction-2-operations.In opposition to the pressures for an

Marxist Perspective on Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis

1802 words - 7 pages Marxist Perspective on Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis On the surface, Franz Kafka's 1916 novella, The Metamorphosis, seems to be just a tale of a man who woke up one morning to find himself transformed into an insect. But, a closer reading with Marx and Engel's economic theories in mind reveals an overarching metaphor that gives the improbable story a great deal of relevance to the structure of society. Gregor Samsa, the protagonist

Similar Essays

Hank: From The Psychoanalytic Perspective Essay

1096 words - 5 pages erogenous zone is the rectum, so on and so forth. In this case study, Hank is stuck in the oral stage. Now, what specifically is the oral stage? The oral stage is the very first stage of development, and takes place in the first eighteen months of life. The erogenous zone, or area of sexual energy discharge, is the mouth, hence the term “oral stage”. At this point in life, children find pleasure from the bottle or nipple during feeding. The

Psychoanalytic Theory: My Perspective On Freudian Theory

712 words - 3 pages be who they want to be, thus using the stages of development to become who they want to be.Jung's perspective also is very accurate. I agree totally that we let go of many behaviors and values we developed early on to find significance in our lives. I see this occurring within myself. My family has a strong 'party' ethic so to speak. Being raised in a chemically dependent family, a great amount of value was placed on your 'partying' behavior (who

The Infant Mother Relationship From The Psychoanalytic Viewpoint

1035 words - 4 pages The Infant-Mother Relationship from the Psychoanalytic Viewpoint It is a generally undisputed belief, that what occurs in a human beings first year of life, has a massive and lasting impact on the formation of the psyche, their Ego and what goes on in the conscious and unconscious. During this primary stage, the normal infant has an "extreme emotional dependence" (The Family and Individual Development: D.W. Winnicott, [1965] Ch1 Page4) on

The Psychoanalytic Perspective In Relation To Iago

942 words - 4 pages the way they did according to psychology.In Othello, many characters take various actions that might strike the audience as disturbing or odd. Iago is one of the main characters who continually takes stunning actions. In this paper I plan to demonstrate the psychoanalytic approach by analyzing Iago and trying to explain why he might have made some of the actions that he did. I also plan on discussing possible motives for his actions.Iago is a