The Psychodynamics Of Organizational Change In The Work Place

2168 words - 9 pages

Organizational changes are not something to direct, control or even manage. These are results of changes in the relationship between the people in the organization. If this relationship gets stuck, change will also get stuck.The result of the growing recognition that changes cannot be imposed is the increases of desire of get the whole system in the room for facilitate organization changed. Approaches such as open space technology and future search mean that consultants, facilitators and other change agents are now dealing with larger groups of people in their change interventions. The different dynamic of the larger group requires new insights and approaches; or there are dangers of paralysis and disengagement which may causes the discrediting of the whole change process.Change provoke is anxiety in most of us. Although in smaller groups, sometimes behave in surprise and disturbs, many people find it helps to postulate that this is the result of unconscious or out of awareness affect derives from the psyche of the individual who involved. Especially focused on the anxieties are often engender in group and organizational environment. Melanie Klein has suggested some infantile mechanisms to deal with anxiety, that can applied in organizational theory and informs the practice. Her insight was derived from individual's analysis however, has been extended to cover the small group and also the larger group with more than a dozen or more.Melanie Klein extended Freud's theories about the child's psychological development backwards in time to speculate about the infant's mental life. She argued that the first external object the new-born encounters in any sensible way is the mother's breast. As the satisfaction it gives, the breast is perceived as being 'good'. However, there are also times when the breast is not offered when required or is not able to satisfy the infant's needs. At these times it is perceived as being 'bad'. Klein hypothesized that the infant is not able to cope with the extreme anxiety caused by having the same object be both good and bad at the same time. Instead, as a defense against this anxiety, it splits its feelings of love and hate and projects them onto a good breast and bad breast respectively.Simultaneously, the infant introjects or internalizes its relationship to the good and bad breast, so that their influence. Other objects such as the mother's smile are similarly internalized. These objects become, for the infant, the repository of all that is helpful and gratifying or frustrating and persecutory. A further defense, known as projective identification, was identified by Klein in her paper. The infant's desire to project out the bad parts of itself into its mother she writes, 'In so far as the mother comes to contain the bad parts of the self, she is not felt to be a separate individual but is felt to be the bad self.'Projective identification is bound up with developmental processes arising during the first three or...

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