Men and women are psychologically different in many ways. Some of these differences include competitiveness, goal orientation, self-confidence, motivation, mental toughness, incentives, preferences, etc. According to Anne Bowker in Sports Participation and Self-Esteem, Men have an advantage over women in sports because they're more aggressive and have higher self-esteem (2003).
There has always been that stereotype of boys being more athletic than girls. The gender segregation of sports reflects more than just physical differences between men and women. It reflects the way men think about women and sports. When someone throws a baseball in a nonathletic way, a friend would yell, “Stop throwing like a girl!” Being reminded of this particular stereotype brings down girls’ self-esteem and hinders their athletic performance. On the other hand, as said in The Impact of Stereotype Threat on Performance in Sports, there is evidence that bringing to mind negative stereotypes about the other gender can improve or lift performance on a physical activity (2003).
An existence of a considerable gender gap in competitiveness is now widely acknowledged. It is very known that men would prefer more competition then women would. Men are usually more eager to compete, and the performance of men tends to respond more positively to an increase in competition.
Many athletes will tell you that confidence is key when playing a sport. If your confidence is low, you will not perform as well as you should. Sources of confidence are closely related to a player's task orientation, perceived task climate, and perceived ability. For this reason, coaches work harder at creating task-oriented practice environments (or climates) and strive to understand the sources of their players' sport-related confidence, in order to enhance the athletes’ confidence. Low confidence can lead to many bad things and poor performance is just one of them. Three variables of confidence are perfection of skills, demonstration, and physical performance (Wilson, 2000).
Perfecting a certain skill can take a very long time and a lot of hard work.
Granito Jr. and Vincent J. did a study in 2002 over the psychological response to athletic injury. The purpose of their study was to describe the athletic injury experience, focusing on differences between male and female athletes. 31 injured athletes (15 male and 16 female) were interviewed about their athletic injury. Each participant went through an interview process, consisting of an in-depth interview and follow-up telephone interviews. The interview data were analyzed, and compared between the male and female athletes. The results showed that female athletes tended to perceive the coaches as much more negative with respect to how the coach treated them following their injury; were less likely to talk about a significant other (boyfriend/girlfriend); and were more concerned about how the injury would influence their health at a future point....