This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Psychological Effects Of Unemployment Essay

1146 words - 5 pages

Reported stress in the unemployed positively correlates with the time spent looking for more work (O’Brien 217). The researchers using the aggregate life stress approach have viewed unemployment as a life stressor which determines mental strain (O’Brien 240). Changes in the unemployment rate can actually produce changes in individual stressors as well (O’Brien 213). The stress and anxiety associated with income losses and decreases in material living standards may trigger mental health problems.
Decreased Life Satisfaction
“Unemployment causes significant losses in quantity of life” (Knabe, Andreas, and Ratzel 2751). The majority of studies show that unemployment produces, in most people, ...view middle of the document...

Underemployment
Due to the detrimental effects of unemployment on individual psychological well being, the unemployed are more likely to accept a job that they are over qualified for. It has become increasingly difficult for educated employees to find jobs that fully utilize their skill. This event is known as underemployment. Underemployment is a measure of employment and labor utilization in the economy that looks at how well the labor force is being utilized in terms of skills, experience and availability to work. Labor that falls under the underemployment classification includes those workers that are highly skilled but working in low paying jobs, workers that are highly skilled but work in low skill jobs and part-time workers that would prefer to be full-time.
A prolonged experience of tasks that are routine, simple, and directed by others will induce dissatisfaction, intellectual rigidity, low self esteem, and a sense of not being in control of one’s life (O’Brien 4). People so affected will feel separated or alienated from what they do. If job changes are not utilizing valued skills of employees, it could have long term effects on their personality. Furthermore, if a job provides no opportunity for using valued skills, then the worker is unlikely to see work as a source of personal development. It will be seen as a necessity that requires productive efforts commensurate with extrinsic benefits such as pay and security. Also, if job experiences restrict opportunities for personal control, skill use and intimacy, then employees have diminished capabilities for self discretion, competence, and interpersonal relationships (O’Brien 5). This diminishes the rate of personal development of employees as well as their job performances.
Conclusion
Overall, it has been found that unemployment and unhappiness have a strong association (Carroll 287). In addition to reducing individual income, it also creates non-pecuniary and psychological problems. The non-pecuniary cost of unemployment, however, considerably outweighs the amount of lost income. Winkelman and Winkelman in 1998 highlighted that monthly income would need to be increased by a factor of seven to compensate for a spell of unemployment (Carroll 287). The stains that come from unemployment, many in turn, weaken a person’s power of resistance to somatic as well as psychiatric illnesses.
Research from Jahoda found that employment gives off manifest functions, and from those come latent functions (O’Brien 246). Manifest functions are any function of an institution or other social phenomenon that is planned and intentional. Latent functions are any function of an institution or other social phenomenon that is unintentional and often unrecognized....

Find Another Essay On The Psychological Effects of Unemployment

The Psychological Effects of Abortions Among Teens

877 words - 4 pages Many young, teen girls experience the harmful psychological effects of having an abortion. Though many people are against abortions, it is still being done. Teen’s attitudes and demeanor about themselves change drastically once they have had an abortion. The abortion has several side effects that a teen may or may not know how to cope with it. These girls experience a sense of withdraw, quilt and self destruction. In the past two years many law

The Psychological Effects of Abortions amongst Teens

645 words - 3 pages The Psychological Effects of Abortions amongst Teens An Introduction of Abortion Are you familiar with the name Dr. Karen Ashford, probably not? She is a factious character that would have been if she was allowed to be born. She was never given a chance at life because she was aborted at only 16 weeks in uteri. She was forced to be aborted by her would be grandmother of her 13 year old mother. The young mother was not given an

The Psychological and Physiciological Effects of Guilt

543 words - 2 pages Abstract:     Guilt has physiological and psychological effects. The psychological effects can include something bad, such as feelings of worthlessness or inferiority. Guilt can also serve in a positive way as a motivator. A person may suffer physiological effects such as insomnia and physical pain. Discussion:     Guilt is feelings of culpability, especially for imagined offenses or from a

The Physiological and Psychological Effects of Music

1307 words - 6 pages . Many studies have been conducted to determine whether music can help people who suffer from psychological and medical disorders, Scholars continually debate whether music can influence behavior, and researchers are attempting to understand what is happening in our brain when we listen to music. When discussing the effects that listening to music can have on people we need to take into account how different genres of music may have different

The Psychological Effects of Trauma on Behavior

835 words - 4 pages The psychological effects of trauma on behavior and personality are closely related. If a person has a traumatic experience in life, the mind can go through some changes to protect that person from themselves and the scarred memories that they’ve experienced. For example, a child that has been physically abused could develop a disorder that would not allow them to become close to people in general (Joel 1998). The trustworthiness of everyone

The psychological effects of divorce on children

750 words - 3 pages Have you ever heard the statistic passed around ‘50% of all marriages end in divorce’? Of course you have, by the time most everyone hits high school they have probably heard it so many times they are tired of it. But one thing that is hardly ever talked about is; what effect, psychologically, does this have on the child from that family? The stress on a child created by a divorce is not permanent, but can cause lasting effects into adulthood

Psychological effects of combat

685 words - 3 pages "Psychological Effects of Combat"The Trauma of Close-Range, Interpersonal AggressionDuring World War II, the carnage and destruction caused by months of continuous German bombing in England and years of Allied bombing in Germany was systematically inflicted in order to create psychological casualties among civilian populations. Day and night, in an intentionally unpredictable pattern, civilians, relatives, and friends were mutilated, killed and

Psychological Effects of Marijuana

1479 words - 6 pages Psychological Effects of Marijuana Marijuana tends to be disassociated with the conventional spectrum of drugs in today's society. Certainly we can agree that cocaine, ecstasy, and heroine are drugs and thus highly addictive and dangerous. But can marijuana be mentioned in the same breath as these drugs? It is not my point nor belief to disagree that marijuana is a drug that can be addictive. I place strong emphasis however on the

The Reality of Unemployment

2237 words - 9 pages Unemployment is far more vital to the economy and plays a huge role in keeping our economic system revolving across the United States. The percentage of unemployed workers in the labor force as a whole distinguishes what the national unemployment represents. Unemployment is predominantly brought to the attention of the public when the economy is in distress and is widely debated between economists trying to dispute their apprehensions

Detrimental Effects of Extended Unemployment Compensation

1435 words - 6 pages unemployed worker can receive benefits for nearly two years, before having to actually find employment. Placing an individual in the position of receiving nearly 80% of lost income without having to work for up to 99 weeks, or nearly two years, detrimentally effects individual initiative to find employment and become a productive citizen. A most disconcerting effect of extended unemployment benefits is the adverse psychological effect it has on the

The Physical and Psychological Effects of Rape on Women

1218 words - 5 pages The Physical and Psychological Effects of Rape on Women Most people think that rape is about sex but it is not. If rape was about getting sex the person would just go and have sex with someone who wants to give it to them. Paying for sex is better than going out and raping someone. Rape is also called sexual assault. Rape is about having power and control over someone. Rape is defined as one person forcing another person, without his or her

Similar Essays

The Psychological Effects Of Unemployment Essay

1328 words - 6 pages unemployment that considerably outweighs other factors is the non-pecuniary cost (Carroll 287). Non-pecuniary is anything that does not consist of money. The main non-pecuniary cost is distress and decreased psychological well being. This is shown in many different forms and can be influenced and modified by many different aspects. There are many factors involved in the severity of these psychological effects of unemployment. All of the factors join

The Psychological Effects Of War Essay

1029 words - 5 pages , exhaustion, loss of faith, and feelings of betrayal (among a horde of other problems) plague veterans every day of their service and every day after they come home. The trauma of war creates such a deep psychological scar that no service member can truly be called “unwounded”- a fact that civilization can neither deny nor avoid. According to Lt. Col. Dave Grossman, a combination of decreasing inner strength, physical exhaustion, horror, hate

The Psychological Effects Of Sterotyping Essay

616 words - 3 pages influence of stereotypes. It seems that we move around the world not comprehensively thinking about the things we say or do but whatever suits the occasion for ourselves. Stereotypes have made it extremely simple to bypass critical thinking of situations and have made life more streamlined. Before an argument can be developed about the psychological effects of stereotypes, a case must be made to define what it is. This term, though extremely

The Psychological Effects Of Adoption Essay

2544 words - 10 pages absolute joy that parents experience when adopting a child and effectively helps children better understand their family dynamics. Adoptive families are unique in that they choose their children, creating a loving foundation for a nurturing home. Although a “chosen family” would appear to be perfect and without flaw, adoption brings with it psychological affects touching every member of the “adoption triad,” the adoptee, adoptive parents, and