The Punic Wars Essay

1186 words - 5 pages

The Punic Wars were made of three major wars. The last war was kind of a punishment for Carthage from Rome. The two powers in these wars were Rome and Carthage. Rome was controlling the main peninsula of Italy while Carthage was controlling the islands and trade of the Mediterranean. Rome and Carthage were once on a friendly term until things went south well. The Punic Wars have major historical content that involve both leaders on opposite side as well as the battles among the two city-states. These wars were about two powerful city states trying to see who is more dominant. These wars were like the US and Russia trying to show imperial power and show who is the bigger person in town.
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C. He was the oldest son of the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca (Barca which means “thunderbolt”). He had two younger brothers; namely Hasdrubal and Mago. Hannibal was taken to Spain at an early age and was made to swear to show hostility towards the Roman Empire. Hannibal was elected as the commander for the Carthaginians forces in Spain when Hasdrubal was murdered in 221 BC. Hannibal was twenty six years old when he became commander. Hannibal immediately set out to consolidate Carthaginian control of Iberia. Hannibal married Imilce, an Iberian princess. Hannibal captured Saguntum, a Roman ally causing the Second Punic War. He appointed his brother Hasdrubal as commander in Iberia.
3Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus was born in 236 BCE. His family was from an Etruscan descent and of the Patrician upper class. His father was also called Publius Cornelius Scipio and he was a Roman consul. Scipio Africanus father took him along with him in 218 BCE on a campaign to face Hannibal. His father had to surround to Hannibal at the Battle of the Ticinus River when Hannibal’s troops out maneuvered the Roman forces. He went into the battle and rescued his father.
4The Second Punic War was driven by Hannibal Barca from start to end. Hannibal became planning invasion of Italy by crossing the Alps soon after he gained command of his father’s army in Spain. His plan was to ally himself with the Gauls and other territories that hated Rome in the north before descending upon Rome itself. He raised a large army; with quick succession, he crossed the Ebro, the Pyrenees, the Rhone and the Alps. When Hannibal reached the Italian soil he fought his first battle against, when he met a scouting force that was led by an elder Scipio at Ticinus River. He later fought a much larger and more disastrous battle at Trebia and he laid an ambuscade on the Roman General; which cause the Romans army with tremendous loss. He spent the winter in the Gallic territory, resting his troops and planning on his next move.
The Romans were not happy with what happened so they chose two consuls; one from each faction, worked to disastrous effect. In the case of Lake Trasimene, Hannibal lured Flaminius into a trap and came out victorious. The Romans lost 30K men and Hannibal lost 1500. Rome appointed Dictator Fabius, who was able to hold together most of Rome Italian allies. The next battle...

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