This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Punic Wars Essay

1186 words - 5 pages

The Punic Wars were made of three major wars. The last war was kind of a punishment for Carthage from Rome. The two powers in these wars were Rome and Carthage. Rome was controlling the main peninsula of Italy while Carthage was controlling the islands and trade of the Mediterranean. Rome and Carthage were once on a friendly term until things went south well. The Punic Wars have major historical content that involve both leaders on opposite side as well as the battles among the two city-states. These wars were about two powerful city states trying to see who is more dominant. These wars were like the US and Russia trying to show imperial power and show who is the bigger person in town.
1The ...view middle of the document...

C. He was the oldest son of the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca (Barca which means “thunderbolt”). He had two younger brothers; namely Hasdrubal and Mago. Hannibal was taken to Spain at an early age and was made to swear to show hostility towards the Roman Empire. Hannibal was elected as the commander for the Carthaginians forces in Spain when Hasdrubal was murdered in 221 BC. Hannibal was twenty six years old when he became commander. Hannibal immediately set out to consolidate Carthaginian control of Iberia. Hannibal married Imilce, an Iberian princess. Hannibal captured Saguntum, a Roman ally causing the Second Punic War. He appointed his brother Hasdrubal as commander in Iberia.
3Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus was born in 236 BCE. His family was from an Etruscan descent and of the Patrician upper class. His father was also called Publius Cornelius Scipio and he was a Roman consul. Scipio Africanus father took him along with him in 218 BCE on a campaign to face Hannibal. His father had to surround to Hannibal at the Battle of the Ticinus River when Hannibal’s troops out maneuvered the Roman forces. He went into the battle and rescued his father.
4The Second Punic War was driven by Hannibal Barca from start to end. Hannibal became planning invasion of Italy by crossing the Alps soon after he gained command of his father’s army in Spain. His plan was to ally himself with the Gauls and other territories that hated Rome in the north before descending upon Rome itself. He raised a large army; with quick succession, he crossed the Ebro, the Pyrenees, the Rhone and the Alps. When Hannibal reached the Italian soil he fought his first battle against, when he met a scouting force that was led by an elder Scipio at Ticinus River. He later fought a much larger and more disastrous battle at Trebia and he laid an ambuscade on the Roman General; which cause the Romans army with tremendous loss. He spent the winter in the Gallic territory, resting his troops and planning on his next move.
The Romans were not happy with what happened so they chose two consuls; one from each faction, worked to disastrous effect. In the case of Lake Trasimene, Hannibal lured Flaminius into a trap and came out victorious. The Romans lost 30K men and Hannibal lost 1500. Rome appointed Dictator Fabius, who was able to hold together most of Rome Italian allies. The next battle...

Find Another Essay On The Punic Wars

Carthago Delenda Est: Who Caused the Punic Wars?

1848 words - 7 pages In his account of the Punic Wars, Polybius declares “it is my contention that by far the most important part of historical writing lies in the consideration of the consequences of events, their accompanying circumstances, and above all their causes.” Polybius recognized the intricate relationship between circumstances, causes, and their consequences, and in his account of the Punic Wars he seeks to explain the reasons for Rome’s victory over

Comparison on the Polybius, From Punic Wars and Ssu-ma Chi’en, Records of the Historian

1175 words - 5 pages , growth and perfection, ruling ideologies and institutions and so on. Before discovering and comparing these two civilizations, we have to enhance our understanding on the authors of these two excerpts that lead people to reveal the unknown yet attractive history of Rome and Han dynasty. Polybius described and portrayed Rome at the End of the Punic Wars in his history sourcebook. “Polybius’ importance rests no small extent on the importance of his

"Were the Punic Wars a phyrric victory for the Roman Republic?" - Supported with 2 argumentsand supporting facts

884 words - 4 pages "Were the Punic Wars a phyrric victory for the Roman Republic?"The term "Punic Wars" refers to the series of wars fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 BCE. The Romans called the Carthaginians Poeni (Phoenicians), from which is derived the adjective "Punic." There were three Punic Wars: The first war marked the first Roman involvement outside of Italy, and represents the beginning of the Roman conquest of the Mediterranean. The

Analysis of the Three Punic Wars

816 words - 4 pages The first Punic war started like this...Tradition holds that Phoenician settlers from the Mediterranean port of Tyre founded the city-state of Carthage on the northern coast of Africa, around 814 B.C. By 265 B.C. Carthage was the wealthiest and most advanced city in the region, as well as its leading naval power. Though Carthage had clashed violently with several other powers in the region, its relations with Rome were historically friendly, and

Punic Wars

924 words - 4 pages Discuss the Roman Punic Wars, in terms of their circumstances and overall effect on Rome’s economic and social development Also discuss the ensuing “Gracchan turbulence” from the same perspective. The circumstance for the Roman Punic Wars towards Rome was a simple human reaction. If an outsider such as Italy, Carthage, or Greece make threats towards Rome, Rome will simply fight. The Punic Wars lasted in 3 stages, all resulting to the

Punic Wars

1109 words - 4 pages Rome fought three Punic wars. The first war involved the Roman's outside of Italy, was the beginning of the Roman conquest of the Mediterranean, and lasted more than two decades. The second was a hard war that resulted in massive losses for the Romans in both material and manpower. The third was for vengeance and the Romans finally destroyed their bitter enemy.The First Punic War started in 264 BC; it was entirely on the island of Sicily against

Punic Wars, Hannibal

2206 words - 9 pages Classics 2029: Roman Republican HistoryWeek 7 the Punic Wars (T.P.1)Cormac Griffin: A1177407What did the war against Hannibal reveal about the extent of Rome's control over Italy at the beginning of the second century B.C.?IntroductionHannibal's invasion of Italy shook Rome to its very core. A series of crushing military defeats, culminating at Cannae in 216 B.C. with the death of 50,000 - 70,000 Roman and allied troops (see Polybius, Book III

Punic Wars; knock-out essay style

937 words - 4 pages The Punic Wars led to the Roman dominance of the western Mediterranean and the destruction of Carthage. The First Punic War established Roman control over the strategic islands of Corsica and Sicily. In the Second Punic War Hannibal attempted to conquer Rome that resulted in great loss of Carthaginian territories. The Third Punic War resulted in the final destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the

What is Carthage?

870 words - 4 pages Have you ever heard of Hannibal’s promenade into Rome, or the Punic Wars? Both of these things have something in common; they both come from the city of Carthage. There is no Carthage today, but from kept records we can form a base in our minds. Everything has a beginning, the earth did, the galaxy did, the universe had a beginning, and so did Carthage. The nation was created by the Phoenician queen Elissa (a.k.a. Dido) in 813 BCE

Rome from state to empire

780 words - 3 pages second Punic wars, the third Punic war was very uneven. The Romans overwhelmed the Carthaginians with numbers. The idea behind the third Punic war was the total destruction of Carthage, Scorpio the Younger destroyed Carthage and sold its few remaining survivors into slavery. As a final act of destruction, Scorpio the Younger had the site raised, plowed, and cursed.By 146 B.C., the Roman Republic controlled the whole rim of the Mediterranean. A

Roman Wars

2072 words - 9 pages Greece. The Romans were so goods at war now that only about 250 Romans were killed. The losers had about 10,000 warriors killed in battle. Some of them were taken as prisoners, slaves, and some also had to fight for Rome. The biggest rival of Rome in Rome’s history was Carthage. This rivalry led to 3 wars. These wars were called “The Punic Wars”. It consisted of The First Punic War, The Second Punic War and The Third Punic War. These all ranged

Similar Essays

The Punic Wars Essay

992 words - 4 pages Discuss the Punic Wars. What caused the conflicts between Carthage and Rome? What were the consequences for both sides? There was a series of three Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome with the first occurring between 264 BCE and the last one ending in 146 BCE. The reasoning and motives for the three wars varies. However, no matter what the motives of the wars were, the end result was the defeat and total destruction of the Carthaginian

Carthage And The Punic Wars Essay

1194 words - 5 pages that time ran by Phyrrus of Epirus.      Rome had signed three peace treaties with Carthage, however in 246 BC Rome decided that with the Roman conquest of southern Italy, the Carthaginians in Sicily were now too close for comfort. This began the Punic wars. There were three Punic wars. Rome and Carthage were the two strongest contenders of the central Mediterranean Sea of that time. In each of these wars Carthage lost

How The Punic Wars Changed Rome And Carthage

1343 words - 6 pages How the Punic Wars Changed Rome and Carthage The Punic Wars were a series of wars that destroyed an empire. The three wars were fought between Rome and Carthage. The First Punic War started in 264 B.C. with a dispute over land in Sicily. These wars had a major effect showing that Rome was a dominant force. These wars also gave Rome land stretching from Italy down the eastern coast of Spain and through northern Africa until Carthage, Tunisia

These Are Great Study Notes On The Punic Wars

525 words - 2 pages The Punic Wars NotesThe Punic Wars was a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage for a period of 118 years. Rome, one of the sides of these wars, was a immense empire whose influence covered much of the known world at the time. Carthage, the other player in the Punic Wars, was a city state on the North Coast of Africa which had partial control over Sicily before wars and whose location was ideal for trading ground in the