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The Puritans Essay

752 words - 4 pages

The Puritans were English Protestants that came to America around 1630. John Winthrop led the Puritans to America in hopes of creating a pure Christian society separate from the authority of the State and the Church of England. They followed the beliefs of John Calvin who preached predestination. Under Calvinism each individual is born being chosen by God either for eternal salvation or damnation. The Puritans modeled their lives, both personal and within their communities, after the New Testament. They created strong, functional, and for some time successful societies in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the town of Boston. The Puritans taught mainly reading as writing and math skills ...view middle of the document...

He alleged that many popes and cardinals were receiving large payouts and were selling “pardons” to sinners so they could still enter into Heaven. John Calvin took his reform a bit further stating that salvation cannot be earned, man cannot be redeemed, but we are all born predestined for Heaven or Hell. Although Queen Elizabeth I approved Protestantism she allowed for the Catholic Holy Communion and the reign of bishops and archbishops to continue. This outraged many radical Protestants leading to their desire of purifying the church thus removing Catholic practices.
Unlike the Puritans, the Catholic Church had ritualized liturgies and set prayers. Puritans believed that each individual occurrence needed its own personal, unique, or “spontaneous” prayer. The Puritans also set themselves apart and above other religions by keeping the Sabbath holy. Nothing was permitted this day but biblical studies versus working, playing, etc. They kept their church services simple, free from any musical instruments as this would make the mind wander from hearing God’s word. European and English Christian religions, in the eyes of the Puritans, were unable to create a perfect world. This “paradise” they were seeking was free of poverty, every citizen was literate, and everyone would inspire others to be seekers of God by modeling after their own...

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