The Question of Palestine and Israel
Palestine and Israel seem destined to be enemies forever. There has been conflict for as long as Israel has been a sovereign state, and it does not look to be ceasing anytime soon. Both sides have used questionable tactics, sometimes successful and sometimes not, to become notorious throughout the world. Both sides have created or supported organizations to help fight the other. From even before the birth of Israel and on into the foreseeable future, with new groups and tactics and with outside influences weighing in on the conflict, the question of Palestine and Israel is not likely to be answered soon.
K.B Nasr (as cited in White, 2008, pp. 199) states that as the Ottoman Empire was crumbling, the Zionist Movement was just beginning. With the downfall of the Turks, the Arabs embraced nationalism for the former Turkish lands, specifically Syria. Because the Turks had objected to Jewish settlement, the Palestinians were willing to consider Jewish immigration as a show of Syrian nationalism. The Zionists however, had no intention of becoming part of Syria. Instead the Zionists began buying Palestinian lands in the pursuit of their ultimate goal, the creation of a Jewish state.
D. Fromkin (as cited in White, 2008, pp. 200) illustrates that in 1915, during World War I, the Germans were allied with the Turks. In an attempt to gain an ally against the Germans, the British turned to the Arabs, who were at the time being subjected to Turkish Rule. On October 24th of that year, the British offered to support an independent Arab state at the end of the war. In order to accomplish this, the British would restore the caliphate and move it from Istanbul to Mecca and name an Arab as caliph. In return, the Arabs would revolt against the Turks and fight for the British. The Arabs, however, believed they were promised the Arab realm of Islam. The British, however, had also made other arrangements. They had also promised the Zionists a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Fromkin also shows that The Balfour Declaration of November 1917, promised to create the state of Israel, which would include the holy city of Jerusalem. The Arabs believed that under the promise to reestablish an Arab-dominated caliphate, the cities of Medina, Mecca and Jerusalem would be placed under Arab control.
In 1922, the British began the governing of Palestine. Between 1922 and 1947, due to increased Jewish immigration to the region, tensions between Arabs and Jews were steadily rising. In 1947 the British, wanting to withdraw from the Middle East, referred the Palestine issue to the United Nations. On November 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly passed United Nations Resolution 181. This resolution called for the separation of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. (http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1695871/United-Nations-Resolution-181). Jews interpreted Resolution 181 as the international legitimization...