The Qur'an's References to Orbits
While referring to the Sun and the Moon in the Qur'an, it is
emphasized that each moves in a definite orbit.
"It is He Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon.
They swim along, each in an orbit. "
(The Qur'an, 21:33)
It is mentioned in another verse, too, that the Sun is not static but
moves in a definite orbit:
"And the sun runs to its resting place. That is the decree of the
Almighty, the All-Knowing. "
(The Qur'an, 37:38)
These facts communicated in the Qur'an have been discovered by
astronomical observations in our age. According to the calculations of
experts on astronomy, the Sun is traveling at the enormous speed of
720,000 kilometers an hour in the direction of the star Vega in a
particular orbit called the Solar Apex. This means that the sun
travels roughly 17,280,000 kilometers a day. Along with the Sun, and
all planets and satellites within the gravitational system of the Sun
also travel the same distance. In addition, all the stars in the
universe are in a similar planned motion. That the entire universe is
full of paths and orbits such as this one, is written in the Qur'an as
"By the sky full of paths and orbits."
(The Qur'an, 51:7)
Roundness of the earth:
"He has created the Heavens and the Earth for Truth. He wraps the
night up in the day, and wraps the day up in the night."
(The Qur'an, 39:5)
In the Qur'an, the words used for describing the universe are quite
remarkable. The Arabic word that is translated as "to wrap" in the
above verse is "takwir". In English, it means "to make one thing lap
over another, folded up as a garment that is laid away". (For
instance, in Arabic dictionaries this word is used for the action of
wrapping one thing around another, in the way that a turban is put
on.) The information given in the verse about the day and the night
wrapping each other up includes accurate information about the shape
of the world. This can be true only if the earth is round. This means
that in the Qur'an, which was revealed in the 7th century, the
roundness of the world was hinted at.It should be remembered, however,
that the understanding of astronomy of the time perceived the world
differently. It was then thought that the world was a flat plane and
all scientific calculations and explanations were based on this
belief. The verses of the Qur'an, however, include information that we
have learned only in the past century. Since the Qur'an is God's word,
the most correct words were used in it when it comes to describing the
The layers of the atmosphere:
One fact about the universe revealed in the verses of the Qur'an is
that the sky is made up of seven layers.
"It is He Who created everything on the earth for you and then