This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Rabies Virus And Treatment Essay

1339 words - 5 pages

Rabies Virus and Treatment

Rabies is a virus that is characterized under the family name Rhabdoviridae and genus name Lyssavirus which travels to either the brain or the spinal cord, where it attacks a victim's nervous system until death occurs as discovered by Pasteur. It is rabies unique bullet-shaped body and tubular extensions, along with its specialized proteins that contribute to its deadliness.
Aside from one case of rabies that occurred in 2004 in Wisconsin, rabies has proven fatal; there is no real treatment besides prevention. Vaccinations and precaution serve to be most effective pre-exposure, while post-exposure treatment can be a combination of respiratory and cardiac support, and intensive care.
As part of the Rhabdovirus, Rabies is similar to 75 other viruses, but only closely related to 5, which are believed to have originated in Africa. Each year, around 7,000 cases of rabies are recorded according to an article for parents on Kids health website, but because of vaccinations, only one or two die. All, including Rabies virus, have a bullet shaped body accompanied by “bizarre elongated filaments V or Y shaped”(Kaplan, et al. 2). Once the rabid viruses infect the blood stream, they begin their migration to the brain where the virus begins to multiply effectively and abundantly in cerebral matter, producing defective interfering particles, as described in the book Rabies by Kaplan, Turner, and Warrell.
Like many other viruses, rabies has an excellent way of transmitting itself, allowing it to be efficient-saliva. While it is true that simple UV rays found in the sun can kill the virus in a dead body laying around, as well as acidity and soaps, because organic matter like soaps are able to dissolve the virus’ outside lipid layer, the rabid virus has the ability to live hidden without being noticed and living in saliva (Kaplan, et al. 3). The average life span of the virus in saliva is 24 hours, while its half life span is around 4 hours at 40 degrees Celsius (Kaplan, et al. 2). With this special power to live in saliva, the probability of being transmitted is increased dramatically; all it would take would be one simple bite or a bit of saliva to infect an open wound’s tissue, in order for a victim to be infected, and forever suffer the consequences.
A closer examination of Rabies under an electron microscope explains what exactly rabies is. The virus has a bullet-shape body with tubular extensions. It is approximately 180 nm long and 75 nm wide which encodes five proteins: nucleoprotein (N), phosphoprotein (P), matrix protein (M), glycoprotein (G), which forms approximately 400 trimetric spikes on the outside, and polymerase (L) (kids health paragraph 2). N protein forms the helical RNP, M protein is found in the viral envelope, L protein along with NS are necessary for RNA replication, while G protein is what makes the spikes on the outside which allows the
virus to stick to other cells. Recent research of G protein has...

Find Another Essay On The Rabies Virus and Treatment

Canine Distemper - What it is, virus, symptoms, prevention & treatment, and the 1994 african serengeti park lion epidemic

677 words - 3 pages . The vaccine will strengthen the dog's immune system against the virus and will typically keep the dog healthy from Canine Distemper. Although there is no cure, treatment is available from a veterinarian. Treatment mainly deals with supportive care such as alleviation of clinical signs so that the dog may have a chance of fighting the virus on its own. Most dogs that go into CNS (central nervous system) complications will have to be euthanized, or

The Bluetongue Virus and Trypanosoma Cruzi Virus Transmission Cycles

1679 words - 7 pages 1. Introduction Bluetongue virus (BTV) and Trypanosoma cruzi (T.cruzi) are two of the numerous vector borne diseases that cause diseases in human and animals. Bluetongue virus causes serious disease in cattle while Trypanosoma cruzi causes Chagas disease (Human American Trypanosomiasis), which can be potentially fatal to humans. Several control strategies have been implemented to deal with and avoid epidemics of BTV and T.cruzi in the UK and

Origin and Evolution of the AIDS Virus

1328 words - 5 pages . HIV-1 has an extremely fast rate of evolution. In fact, the diversity of the virus proves that the virus has been circulating human populations for many years (Sharp & Hahn 2487). Treatment: The most successful HIV/AIDS medicine is HAART- highly active antiretroviral therapy- for chronic suppression of HIV replication. This treatment began in response to a high degree of sickness and death caused by the contraction of the AIDS virus in the

Truth and Lies about the Computer Virus

1139 words - 5 pages This is a basic viral information paper She doesn't ever read the papersTruth and Lies About the Computer VirusWalk into any computer store today and there will be at least twenty or thirty computer virus programs. From the looks of it computer viruses have gotten out of hand and so has the business of stopping it. The computer user must cut through the media hype of apocoliptic viruses and shareware programs and discover the real facts.Before

The Hepatitis B Virus and Vaccination

1670 words - 7 pages The Hepatitis B Virus and Vaccination   The hepatitis B virus (HBV) has a long history of being shrouded in mystery concerning its cause and transmission and the treatment of its resulting symptoms and diseases. As more was learned about the virus in the first half of this century, it came to be identified largely with homosexuals and intravenous drug users. Due to its prevalence among such already marginalized members of society, hepatitis

Anti-virus Software: The Sword and Shield of Technology

793 words - 4 pages information to scan your system for activity which appears to mirror known virus activity. You have two options for scanning your system: manual or automatic. Manual scans are ones that you, as the user, initiate. Most software also allows you to set up automatic scans. You will set a timeframe and the program will do the rest. For example, you can set your software to automatically scan daily at 5:00 p.m. It’s advisable to have your software scan

The Bipolar Spectrum and Treatment

958 words - 4 pages bipolar patients is difficult due to several factors; slower metabolism of drugs, greater organ sensitivity to mood stabilizers, and concurrent medical conditions to name a few. Psychodynamic therapy is one of the therapies often chosen for Bipolar disorder under the theory that underlying unconscious conflict is exacerbating the patient’s symptoms and resolving them will improve the affective symptoms. Family treatment is also popular because

Osteoarthritis and the Ideal Treatment

3370 words - 13 pages Osteoarthritis and the Ideal Treatment Osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease, is a form of arthritis characterized by the breakdown of cartilage within joints. Cartilage serves to provide cushion at the ends of bones, and when the cushion is not sufficient, as in osteoarthritis, the bones rub together. As a result, osteoarthritis sufferers are constantly plagued by stiff, swollen, and inflamed joints (http

The Ebola Virus. In depth research paper about the Ebola Virus. Disscusses infection, spread, mortality rates, different strains and outbreaks

1337 words - 5 pages The ebola virus is a very complex level four virus. Level four viruses are extremely lethal, and there is no cure for them yet, not does there seem to be a cure for them or ebola in the near future. To give you an example of just how lethal level four viruses like ebola are, AIDS is only a level three virus, and requires minimal protection when working with it. The protection required for working with the ebola virus consists of wearing three

Leukemia: The Disease and The Treatment

1059 words - 4 pages blood cell being affected; Lymphocytic (affecting the Lymphocytes) and Myeloid (affecting the Myelocytes). This gives us four types of Leukemia; Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (peak prevalence between the ages of 2-9years). (Almeida & Barry, 2010) Treatments New treatments are being discovered yearly and are constantly being improved. The treatment for Leukemia depends

The Symptoms and the Treatment of Depression

1663 words - 7 pages The Symptoms and the Treatment of Depression Depression has been a part of our lives for as long as humans have been on the earth. Everyone has had days when nothing was going right. But it all depends with an individual how to handled this adversity and how depressed that person becomes. Depression is considered to be the "common cold of psychological disorders." This is because depression

Similar Essays

Rabies : The Virus And Its Mechanisms

2001 words - 8 pages Rabies : The Virus and Its Mechanisms Rabies is an infectious disease that has been around the world since the time of Columbus and his first trip to the New World. Back then, it was characterized as the “mad dog” disease and only few would survive it. Those who survived, it was said, were due to miracles. Rabies is a disease that attacks and infiltrates the nervous system and ultimately attacks the brain of its host, leading to neuronal

Rabies Treatment And Prevention Essay

1562 words - 6 pages Rabies: Treatment and Prevention Abstract Rabies is an aggressive and extremely detrimental disease. For years, exposure to rabies was analogous to a death sentence as there was absolutely no hope for a cure or a chance of survival after contracting it. Now, thanks to the development of many new vaccines, rabies has become a curable disease that can easily be prevented from destroying the lives of both humans and animals. However

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Treatment And Drugs

1629 words - 7 pages myths and confusion about this disease, and in this paper I’m going to discuss what HIV and AIDS are, as well as its impact it’s making around the world. Although there is no cure for this disease there are ways that your chances of contracting it are decreased, as well as medical treatments that you can receive to slow the progression. The human immunodeficiency virus; better known as HIV, was discovered by researchers looking for the cause of AIDS

Anti Ghrelin Vaccine Using A Virus Like Particles From The Bluetongue Virus (Btv) For Obesity Treatment

2363 words - 10 pages homeostasis and may become an alternate treatment for obesity, to be used in combination with diet and exercise. Keywords: Obesity, Ghrelin, Vaccine, NS1 protein, The Bluetongue Virus (BTV), Virus-Like Particles Introduction Obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Obesity are the fifth leading risk for global deaths1. The prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity has been increasing